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Syllabus
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Zoology-1st year Syllabus(2013-14)

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

First Year Syllabus
Department of Zoology

Four Year B.Sc. Honours Course
Effective from the Session : 2013–2014


National University

Syllabus for Four Year B.Sc. Honours Course

Subject: Zoology

Effective from the Session: 2013-2014

Year-wise Papers and marks distribution

FIRST YEAR

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Paper Code

Paper Title

Marks

Credits

213101

Introduction to Zoology

100

4

213103

Animal diversity-1: Protozoa and Non-chordates

100

4

213104

Zoology Practical-I

100

4

 

Any Two of the following :

 

 

212807

Chemistry-I

Chemistry Practical-I

Or

Biochemistry-I

Biochemistry-I Practical

100

4

212808

50

2

 

 

212905

100

4

212906

50

2

213007

Botany-I

Botany-I Practical

100

4

213008

50

2

211501

History of the Emergence of Independent

Bangladesh

100

4

 

Total =

700

28

 

 


Detailed Syllabus

 


Paper Code

213101

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

Introduction to Zoology

 

1. Introduction

Concept, history and scope of zoology, subdivisions of zoology, application and importance of zoology, relation of animals to human.

2. Origin of Life Spontaneous generation, special creation, cosmic, naturalistic and recent theories.

3. Foundation of Animal Life

Origin of life – major stages in the early evolution of life (e.g. Stage I – Molecular, Stage II – Polymeric, Stage III – Semi-biotic and Stage IV – Cellular); level of organization (protoplasmic, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism, species, individual, population, community, fauna, biota, ecosystem, biosphere and biodiversity).

4. Cells and tissues

Cells and tissues – types, structure and function.

5. Bases of animal classification

Body forms (sexual, developmental and polymorphic), symmetry, polarity of the body, metamerism, tagmatization, appendages (flagella, cilia, antenna, styles, poda, fins, wings and limbs); embryogeny (radial, spiral, determinate and indeterminate cleavages; germinal layers and coelom types); protostomia and deuterostomia; morphometrics and meristics.

6. Classification of Animals

Number of kingdoms; classification up to phyla on the basis of organization, symmetry, coelom and phylogeny; different taxa and Linnaean hierarchy and nomenclature.

7. Methods of Studying Animals

Collection, sampling, transportation, preservation, identification and tagging.

8. Instrumentation in Zoological Studies

Microscopy, configuration, incubation, balance, collecting devices and kits, microtomes, habitat

analysis kits, haemocytometer, sphygmomanometer, photography, camera lucida and micrometer.

 


Paper Code

213103

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

Animal divesity-1: Protozoa and Non-chordates

 

1. General characters with examples of protozoans, mesozoans and parazoans; radiate, acelomate and pseudocelomate animals.

2. Broad classification of the following phyla up to orders with general and diagnostic characteristics of each taxonomic category with examples and affinities:

Sarcomastigophora, Apicomplexa, Ciliophora, Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhelminthes, Annelida,

Nematoda, Mollusca, Arthropoda, Echinodermata and Hemichordata.

3. Type study of the following with their origin, evolution, systematic position, habitats, external morphology, organ systems such as digestion, movement, circulation, respiration, excretion, nervous, reproduction, food and feeding habits, mode of life and development:

a. Phylum Sarcomastigophora: Euglena

b. Phylum Apicomplexa: Eimeria

c. Phylum Ciliophora: Paramecium

d. Phylum Porifera: Scypha

e. Phylum Cnidaria: Obelia and Aurelia

f. Phylum Ctenophora: Hormiphora

g. Phylum Platyhelminthes: Taenia

h. Phylum Nematoda: Ascaris

i. Phylum Acanthocephala: Macracanthorhynchus

j. Phylum Mollusca: Pila and Lamellidens

k. Phylum Annelida: Neanthes

l. Phylum Onychophora: Peripatus

m. Phylum Arthropoda: prawn and grasshopper

n. Phylum Bryozoa/Ectoprocta: Bugula

o. Phylum Brachiopoda: Lingula

p. Phylum Chaetognatha: Sagitta

q. Phylum Echinodermata: Asteropecten

r. Phylum Hemichordata: Balanoglossus

4. Brief notes on the following including habits, habitats, and food and feeding :

a. Sarcomastigophora: Trypanosoma, Leishmania

b. Ciliophora: Vorticella

c. Porifera: Spongilla

d. Cnidaria: Physalia, Gorgonia

e. Ctenophora: Bero

f. Platyhelminthes: Fasciola, Schistosoma

g Nematoda: Meloidogyne

h. Sipuncula: Sipunculus

i. Mollusca: Dentalium, Loligo, Octopus

j. Annelida: Chaetopterus, Tubifex

k. Arthropoda: Balanus, Scolopendra, housefly, Drosophila

l. Echinodermata: Echinus, brittle star

 


Paper Code

213104

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

Zoology Practical-I

 

1. Study of museum specimens: Representative of all major non-chordate phyla (minimum 50 specimens to be studied).

2. Study of permanent slides: Whole mount, body parts and various cells and invertebrate tissues (at least 20 slides to be studied):

a. Whole animals – representatives of protozoans, rotifers and arthropods.

b. Mouth parts of arthropods.

c. Parasites – nematodes and platyhelminthes.

d. Different larval forms of invertebrates.

e. Histological slides of invertebrates.

 

3. Preparation and study of whole mounts of different non-chordates.

 

 

4. External morphology and dissection of various organ systems of earthworm, cockroach, prawn, Pila and Lamellidens:

A. Major dissection

a. Circulatory system of earthworm and prawn.

b. Nervous system of cockroach, grasshopper, prawn, Pila and Lamellidens.

c. Reproductive systems of earthworm, cockroach, grasshopper and prawn.

B. Minor dissection

a. Digestive system of prawn, pila and Lamellidens

b. Nervous system of cockroach, grasshopper and prawn.

5. Temporary mounting:

a. Brain of earthworm.

b. Salivary gland of cockroach.

c. Statocyst of prawn.

6. Study of appendages (locomotory, prehensile, food capture, copulatory, defensive and offensive organs of cockroach and prawn).

7. Field visit to observe local invertebrate fauna, or field visit to a farm, and prepare a report on the visit.


Distribution of Marks for First Year Final Examination

1. Major dissection (dissection 6 + display 2 + drawing and labeleing 4) = 12 marks.

2. Minor dissection (dissection 4 + display 2 + drawing and labeleing 2) = 8 marks.

3. Temporary mount (staining, mounting and display 4 + drawing and labeleing 4) = 8 marks.

4. Spotting of museum specimens – 15 items (identification and classification 1 + diagnostic

characteristics 1) = 30 marks.

a. Invertebrate specimens (9 items) 2 × 9 = 18 marks.

b. Whole mount slides (mouth parts, parasites, larvae) (3 items) 2 × 3 = 6 marks.

c. Histological slides of non-chordates (3 items) 2 × 3 = 6 marks.

5. Appendages (detachment, placement and drawing on a paper sheet 4, labeling 2, displaying 1) = 7 marks.

6. Report writing on field visit = 15 marks.

7. Class records = 10 marks.

8. Viva-voce = 10 marks.

Books Recommended:

1. C. P. Hickman and L.S Roberts. 1995. Animal Diversity Wm C. Brown

2. J.W. Nybakken and J. McClintock 1996. The Diversity of Invertebrates: Gulf of Mexico Version. Wm. C. Brown

3. L.S. Dillon. 1976 Animal Variety: An Exolutionary Account. Wm. C. Brown Company Publishers. Dubuque. Iwoa

4. J.D. Bernal. 1969. The Origin of Life. Weidenfeld and Nicolson. London.

5. G.B. Wilson and J. H. Morrison. Cytology. Affiliated East-West Press Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi

6. E.E. Ruppert and R.D. Barnes 1994. Invertebrate Zoology (6th edition). Saunders

College Publishing Harcort Brace College Publishers. New York, London.

7. R.S.K. Barnes P. Calow and P.J.W. Olive, 1993. The Invertebrates A New Synthesis

Blackwell

8. A.J. Marshal and W.D. Williams. Text Book of Zoology Invertebrates (edited the 7th

edition of Text Book of Zoology. Vol 1, T. J. Parker and W.A. Haswell)

9. P. Wilimer 1990. Invertebrate Relationship: Patterns in Animal Exalution CUP.

10. J.W. Knudsen Biological Techniques. Collecting. Preserving an Illustrating Plants and

Animals. Harper and Row. New York, John Weather Hill Inc. Tokyo.

11. E.O. Wilson,T. Eisner and W.R. Brigges. Life Cells. Organist Populations.

12. M. Sleigh 1989. Protozed and other protists. Chapman and H. Inc. New York.

13. C. Starr and R. Taggart 1981. Biology: The Unity and Diversity life. Wadsworth Publ.

Co. Belmant, California.

14. J. W. Nybakken. 1996. The Diversity of Invertebrates a Laboratory Guide. Pacific Coast Version. Wm. C. Brown

15. R.P. Dales. 1981. Practical Invertebrate Zoology. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford. London

16. R.L Wallace and W.K. Taylor. 1996 Invertebrate Zoology Laboratory Manual Practice-Hall

17. mœvZK cÖvwYweÁvb, (†cÖv‡Uv‡Rvqv Ges bb-KW©vUv), m¤úv`bv cÖ‡dmi †gvt bvwRg DwÏb, wbmM© cÖKvkbx-evsjv evRvi, XvKv | (2004)

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21. cÖvwYweÁv‡bi f~wgKv, Avey gvmy`, †M­ve jvB‡eªix (cÖvt) wjt,evsjv evRvi, XvKv|

22. cÖvwYweÁv‡bi cÖ_g cvV-cÖ‡dmi †K. Gg. AvIi½‡Re, Kwei cvewjK‡kb |

 

 


Paper Code

212807

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

Chemistry-I

 

1. Measurements and the Scientific Method: Measurements, units, SI units, reliability of measurements – precision and accuracy, rounding off, significant figures, significant figures in calculation, mean and median, errors, sources of errors.

2. Structure of atom: Atom , isotopes, atomic masses, mass spectroscopy, atomic nucleus, nuclear binding energy, nuclear reactions –fission and fusion reactions, Bohr atom model, spectrum of atomic hydrogen, dual nature of electron, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, quantum numbers, atomic orbitals, Aufbau principle, pauli exclusion principle, Hund’s rule of maximum multiplicity, electronic configuration of atoms.

3. Periodic Table: Periodic law, periodic table, electronic configurations from the periodic table, periodic properties of the elements such as ionization energies, electron affinity, electro negativity, atomic/ionic radius along a period and down a group, diagonal relationship

4. Chemical Bonds: Chemical bond, types of chemical bonds – ionic, covalent coordination, metallic, hydrogen, polar and no polar covalent bonds, Lewis dot structure, shapes of molecules, VSEPR theory, valence bond theory, hybridization, ó- and ð-bonding in compounds, molecular orbital theory.

5. Oxidation and reduction: redox reactions, writing and balancing redox reactions,

6. States of Matter: Comparison between solids, liquids and gases, changes of state, m.p. and b.p, phase transition, phase diagram of water.

7. Gaseous and Their Properties: The gas laws , the perfect gas equation, the kietic theory of gases, Van der waals equations, real gases, Graham’s laws of diffusion and effusion.

8. Solutions: Solubility and intermolecular forces, solubility product, types of concentration units, colligative properties, of solutions, Henry’s law, Nernst distribution law.

9. Acids and Bases: Various concepts on acids and bases, conjugate acids and bases, neutralization reactions acid- base strength, pH, acid-base titrations, acid-base indicatiors, acid-base properties of salts, the common ion effect, buffer solutions, hard and soft acids and bases.

10. Chemical Equilibrium: Reversible reactions and the equilibrium state, the equilibrium law, reaction quotients and equilibrium constants, calculations using Kc, Kp.

Homogeneous and heterogeneous equilibria, the principle of Le Chatelier and Brown.

11. Hydrocarbons: Hydrocarbons, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes, nomenclature of organic compounds- the IUPAC system natural gas, petroleum, petrochemicals.

12. Study of different classes of organic Compounds: Alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, amines and amides.

Books recommended:

1. General Chemistry, D. D. Ebbing, Houghton Miffin Co.

2. Chemistry – The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change, M. Siberberg. WCB /Mc Graw-Hill.

3. Introduction to Modern Inogranic Chemistry, S.Z. haider, Friends’ International.

4. Principles of physical chemistry, M. M. Huque and M. A Nawab, students’ publications.

5. Essentials of Physical chemistry, B.S Bahl, G.D Tuli and A Bahl, S. Chand & Co.Ltd.

6. Advanced Organic Chemistry, B.S. Bahl and A Bahl, S. Chand & Co. Ltd.

7. A Level chemistry by C.W. Ramsden

8. Organic Chemistry: T Morrison and R.N Boyed,

9. Fundamental of Organic Chemistry by W Solomons

 


Paper Code

212808

Marks: 50

Credits: 2

Class Hours: 30

Paper Title:

Chemistry-I Practical

 

1. Preparation of FeSO4 7H2O, Mohr’s salt and potash alum.

2. Separation and identification of four radicals from a mixture of anions and

cations The cations are pb 2+ , cu 2+ , Cd 2+ , Al 3+ , Fe 2+ , Fe 3+ , Co 2+ , Ni2+ , Zn 2+

Ca2+, Ba2+, Na+, K+ , and NH4 + , the anions are NO3 , CO32-, S2-, SO42-, Cl , Br and I+

3 . Standardization of NaOH solution using standard oxalic acid solution,

4. Determination of Fe 2+ using standard permanganate solution

5. Iodometric determination of copper(II) using standard Na2SO3 solution.]

6. Gravimetric determination of nickel as Ni(HDMG)2 complex

7. Determination of the enthalpy change for the decomposition sodium dicarbonate into

sodium carbonate.

8. Determination of the pH- neutralization curves of a strong acid by a strong base.

9. Investigation of the conductance behaviour of electrolytic solution and applications (acetic acid)

10. Determination of the presence of nitrogen, halogen and sulphur in organic compounds.

11. Identification of the functional groups (unsaturation, alcohol, phenol, carbonyl, aldehlyde, ketone, carboxylic acid, aromatic amine, amide and nitro- groups) in organic compound.

Books Recommended:

1. A Text Book of Quantitative Inorganic Analysis, A.I. Vogel, 3rd/4th edition, ELBS and Longman Green & Co. Ltd.

2. A Text Book of Quantitative Inorganic Analysis, A.I. Vogel 3rd /4th edition, ELBS and Longman Green & Co. Ltd.

3. Practical physical chemistry, A Faraday.

4. A Text Book of practical organic chemistry, A.I. vogel, ELBS edition.

 

 


Paper Code

212905

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

Biochemistry-I

 

1. Acid, base & buffer: Ion product of water; acid base PH,PH indicators, buffer solution and

buffer apacity, some biological buffer.

3. Thermodynamics: 1st law of thermodynamics, enthalpy, Hess’s law,2nd law of thermodynamics, Entropy, standard states, spontaneous, reversible, irreversible and non-equilibrium reactions steady state.

4. Cell: Cell, Sub-cellular particles and structure and their isolation and identification; their

functions.

5. Carbohydrates: Nomenclature, classification, optical properties, general reactions, colour

test and methods of estimation, isolation from natural sources and structure of glucose,

fructose, galactose, sucrose, lactose, maltose, starch, glycogen, cellulose, amino sugar.

Biological importance of carbohydrates.

6. Lipids: Nomenclature, classification. Reactions of fatty acids, sterols and methods of estimation; structure and biological functions of different classes of lipids. Role of phospholipid in membrane formation- the fluid mosaic model.

7. Amino acids and Peptides: Structural features, optical activity and classification of amino acids, reaction of amino acids, ionization in solution, isoelectric behaviour, colour tests, isolation of amino acids from protein hydrolysates, peptide bonds and biologically important peptides.

8. Proteins: General introduction; biological functions classification based on shape. Structure: different levels of structural organization (in brief). Enzymes-chemical nature; effect of substrate. Temperature an PH on its activity, Michaels-Menten equation, significance of Km values and Vmax; enzyme inhibition, digestive enzymes.

9. Nucleosides and nucleotides: Basic chemistry of nucleosides and nucleotides: polynucleotides.

10. Vitamins: Classification, occurrence, deficiency symptoms, biological functions, vitamins as coenzymes.

11. Hormones: Definition, Classification, their importance and functions.

Books Recommended:

  1. Lehninger Principle of Biochemistry

By: David L., Nelson and Michael M.Cox.

Publisher: W.H. Freeman and company, New York.

  1. Biochemistry

By: Lubert Stryer.

Publisher: W.H. Freeman and company, New York.

  1. Biochemistry

By: Donald Voit and Juldith Voit.

Publisher: John Viliy & Sons.

  1. Cell and Molecular biology

By: Gerald Karp.

Publisher: John Viliy & Sons.

 


Paper Code

212906

Marks: 50

Credits: 2

Class Hours: 30

Paper Title:

Biochemistry-I Practical

 

a) Preparation of standard solution and standardization of HCL.

b) Estimation of calcium in biological sample.

c) Determination of ascorbic acid content of a biological sample.

d) Color tests for bio-molecules.

e) Determination of lactose content of milk.

f) Determination of phosphorus content of the supplied solution.

 

Paper Code

213007

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours:60

Paper Title:

Botany-I

 

1. Introduction: Origin and evolution of life; differences between plants and animals; modern concepts of classification of living organisms.

2. Microbiology:

a) Introduction to Viroids, Prions, Rickettsia and Mycoplasms.

b) Virus: Physical and chemical nature of phage, plant and animal viruses, multiplication of HIV virus and economic importance.

c) Bacteria: Types, fine structure, reproduction and importance.

d) Fungi: Habitat, characteristics, classification up to class (Alexopoulos), reproduction, importance, life history of Saccharomyces.

e) Cyanobacteria: Habitat, characteristics, structure, importance of Cyanobacteria .

f) Algae: Habitat, characteristics, classification up to class (Fritsch), reproduction, importance; life history of Oeodogonium.

g) Phytoplankton: Habitat, characteristics, classification and importance.

3. Lichen: Habitat, characteristics, classification and importance.

4. Limnology: Definition, scope, importance and classification of lakes.

5. Bryophyta: Habitat, characteristics, classification up to classes and reproduction; life history of Riccia and Anthoceros.

6. Pteridophyta: Habitat, characteristics, classification up to classes, importance; life history of Selaginella and Christella.

7. Gymnosperms: Habitat, characteristics and importance; life history of Cycas and Gnetum.

8. Angiosperms: Habitat, characteristics, ICBN, classification systems of plant kingdom. (Artificial, natural & phylogenetic). Identifying characters and economic importance of the following families: (a) Fabaceae, (b) Solanaceae and (c) Malvaceae and (d) Poaceae.

9. Plant Pathology: Concept of diseases in plants, causes, diagnosis, classification and importance of plant diseases, symtomatology and control measures; forecasting of plant diseases.

Causal organisms, symptoms and control measures of brown spot of rice, stem rot of jute, citrus canker and tungro disease of rice.

10. Economic Botany: Local and scientific names, parts used and importance of at least 8 prominent plants of each of the following groups: (a) Food, (b) medicine, (c) timber, (d) fibre, (e) oil and (f) vegetables. Cultivation and processing of tea and rubber.

Books Recommended:

 

1.

Agrios, G.N. 1997 :

Plant Pathology (4th ed.). Academic Press, London.

2.

Bold, H.C. and

M.J. Wynne. 1978 :

Introduction to the Algae, Prentice Hall, India

3.

Hawker, Lilian, E. 1967 :

Fungi, Hutchinson Univ. Library, Cambridge Univ. Press,

London.

4.

Lawrence, G.H.M. 1951 :

Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. The Macmillan Co. New York.

5.

Pelczer, M.J., E.C.S. Chan :

Microbiology: Concepts and Applications. McGraw Hill Book

Co. and N.R. Krieg. 1993

Inc. New York.

6.

Vashista, P.C. 1993 :

Botany for Degree Students: Pteridophyta. S.C. Chand & Co.

Ltd. Ramnagar, New Delhi.

7.

Mukherji, H. and Ganguly, 2000:

Plant Groups, Centrl Book Agency, Calcutta.

8.

Hill,F.A. 1972. :

Economic Botany, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishin Company,

India.

9.

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Paper Code

213008

Marks: 50

Credits: 2

Class Hours:30

Paper Title:

Botany-I Practical

 

1. Detail study including dissection (where necessary), mounting, drawing, description and identification with classification of the following genera: 10

Cyanobacteria : Nostoc, anabaena

Algae : Saccnaromyces and Accoboius

Bryophyte : Riccia and Marchantia

Pteridophyte : Selaginella, Christella

Gymnosperms : Cycas

Angiosperm : Poaceae and Fabaceae

2. Identification of the following genera with reasons: 06

 

Algae Volvox, Polysiphonea and Fucas.

Fungi Rhizopus, A garicus, Puccinia and Penicillium.

Lichen Crustose, Foliose and Fructose.

Bryophyte Anthoceros, Semibarbula.

Pteridophyte Selaginella, Marsilea, Azolla and Pteris

Gymnosperms Male and female cones of Cycas,

Angiosperms Scientific names of common plants around the institution.

3. Find out algal specimens from local fresh water sample; draw and describe............. 05

4. Study of the symptoms and causal organisms of Brown spot of rice and stem rot of Jute.

................. 05

5. Detailed taxonomic study of the families as included in the theory syllabus.

................. 08

6. Study of plant and plant parts, and economic uses of angiosperms included in the syllabus.

................. 06

7. Preparation of herbarium specimens of local plants and submission during examination.

................. 05

8. Laboratory Note book. 05

Books Recommended:

 

1. Agrios, G.N 1997 : Plant Pathology (4th ed.). Academic Press, London.

2. Bold, H.C. and M.J.Wynne. 1978 : Introduction to the Algae, Prentice Hall, India

3. Devlin, M.R. and H.F. Witham.1986 : Plant Physiology (4th ed.). CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi.

4. Esau,K.1953 : Plant Anatomy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.

5. Goodwin, T.W. and E.I. Mereer. : Introduction to Plant Biochemistry (2nd ed.). Pergamon Press.

6. Hawker, Lillin,E. 1967 : Fungi, Hutchinson Univ. Library, Cambridge Univ. Press, London.

7. Kumar, H.D. 1995 : General Ecology, Vikash Pub. House, India.

8. Lawrence, G.H.M. 1995 : Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. The Macmillan Co. New York.

9. Pelczer, M.J., E.C.S. Chan and

N.R. Krieg.1993 : Microbiology: Concepts and Applications. McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc. New York.

10. Vashista, P.C. 1993 : Botany for Degree Students: Pteridophyta. S.C. Chand & Co. Ltd. Ramnagar, New Delhi.

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17. L›`Kvi gwbi“¾vgvb, 1994 : wjg‡bvjRx, XvKv wek¦we`¨vjq cÖKvkbv, XvKv|

18. Rvgvb, Gg. G. 1975 : †Kvlwe`¨v, evsjv GKv‡Wgx, XvKv|

19. evmvi, Gg. G., Gg.G. nvmvb Ges : : Dw™¢` weÁvb, nvmvb eyK nvDR, evsjv evRvi, XvKv|

g. iwdKzj Bmjvg. 2004

20. nvmvb, Gg. G. 1996 : evsjv‡`‡ki †flR Dw™¢`, Avkivwdqv eB Ni, evsjv evRvi, XvKv|

21. nvmvb, Gg. G. Ges : Dw™¢` †kªYx web¨vm ZË¡ (3q ms¯‹iY), nvmvb eyK nvDm, XvKv|

Gg. †K. Avjg. 1997

 

 


Paper Code

211501

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

History of the Emergence of Independent Bangladesh

 

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M) fvlv

N) ms¯‹…wZi mgš^qevw`Zv I ag©xq mnbkxjZv

O) Awfbœ evsjvi cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z ZrKvjxb c~e©e½ I eZ©gvb evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^Kxq mËv

2| ALÛ ¯^vaxb evsjv ivóª MV‡bi cÖqvm I Dcgnv‡`‡ki wefw³, 1947

K) Jcwb‡ewkK kvmb Avg‡j mv¤cÖ`vwqKZvi D™¢e I we¯—vi

L) jv‡nvi cÖ¯—ve, 1940

M) ALÛ ¯^vaxb evsjv ivóª MV‡bi D‡`¨vM, 1947 I cwiYwZ

N) cvwK¯—vb m„wó, 1947

3| cvwK¯—vb: ivóªxq KvVv‡gv I ˆelg¨

K) †K›`ªxq I cÖv‡`wkK KvVv‡gv

L) mvgwiK I †emvgwiK AvgjvZ‡š¿i cÖfve

M) A_©‰bwZK, mvgvwRK I mvs¯‹…wZK ˆelg¨

4| fvlv Av‡›`vjb I evOvwji AvZ¥cwiPq cÖwZôv

K) gymwjg jx‡Mi kvmb I MYZvwš¿K ivRbxwZi msMÖvg

L) AvIqvgx jx‡Mi cÖwZôv, 1949

M) fvlv Av‡›`vjb: cUf~wg I NUbv cÖevn

N) nK-fvmvbx-†mvnivIqv`©xi hy³d«›U, 1954 mv‡ji wbe©vPb I cwiYwZ

5| mvgwiK kvmb: AvBqye Lvb I Bqvwnqv Lv‡bi kvmbvgj (1958-71)

K) mvgwiK kvm‡bi msÁv I ˆewkó¨

L) AvBqye Lv‡bi ¶gZv `Lj I kvm‡bi ˆewkó¨ (ivR‰bwZK wbcxob, †gŠwjK MYZš¿, a‡g©i

ivR‰bwZK e¨envi)

M) AvBqye Lv‡bi cZb I Bqvwnqv Lv‡bi kvmb, GK BDwbU wejywßKiY, mve©Rbxb †fvUvwaKvi, GjGdI (Legal Framework Order)

 

6| RvZxqZvev‡`i weKvk I ¯^vwaKvi Av‡›`vjb

K) mvs¯‹…wZK AvMÖvm‡bi wei“‡× cÖwZ‡iva I evOvwj ms¯‹…wZi D¾xeb

L) †kL gywReyi ingv‡bi 6-`dv Av‡›`vjb

M) 6-`dv Av‡›`vj‡bi cÖwZwµqv, ¸i“Z¡ I Zvrch©

N) AvMiZjv gvgjv, 1968

7| 1969-Gi MYAfy¨Ìvb I 11-`dv Av‡›`vjb

K) cUf~wg

L) Av‡›`vj‡bi Kg©m~Px, ¸i“Z¡ I cwiYwZ

8| 1970 Gi wbe©vPb, Amn‡hvM Av‡›`vjb I e½eÜzi ¯^vaxbZv †NvlYv

K) wbe©vP‡bi djvdj Ges Zv †g‡b wb‡Z †K‡›`ªi A¯^xK…wZ

L) Amn‡hvM Av‡›`vjb, e½eÜzi 7B gv‡P©i fvlY, Acv‡ikb mvP©jvBU

M) e½eÜzi ¯^vaxbZv †NvlYv I †MÖdZvi

9| gyw³hy× 1971

K) MYnZ¨v, bvix wbh©vZb, kiYv_©x

L) evsjv‡`k miKvi MVb I ¯^vaxbZvi †NvlYvcÎ

M) ¯^Z:ù‚Z© cÖv_wgK cÖwZ‡iva I msMwVZ cÖwZ‡iva (gyw³‡dŠR, gyw³evwnbx, †Mwijv I m¤§yL hy×)

N) gyw³hy‡× cÖPvi gva¨g (¯^vaxb evsjv †eZvi †K›`ª, we‡`kx cÖPvi gva¨g I RbgZ MVb)

O) QvÎ, bvix I mvaviY gvby‡li Ae`vb (MYhy×)

P) gyw³hy‡× e„nrkw³ mg~‡ni f~wgKv

Q) `Lj`vi evwnbx, kvwš—KwgwU, Avje`i, Avjkvgm, ivRvKvi evwnbx, ivR‰bwZK `j I †`kxq

Ab¨vb¨ mn‡hvMx‡`i ¯^vaxbZvwe‡ivax Kg©KvÛ I eyw×Rxex nZ¨v

R) cvwK¯Ív‡b ew›` Ae¯’vq e½eÜzi wePvi I wek¦cÖwZwµqv

S) cÖevmx evOvwj I we‡k¦i wewfbœ †`‡ki bvMwiK mgv‡Ri f~wgKv

T) gyw³hy‡× fvi‡Zi Ae`vb

U) †hŠ_ evwnbx MVb I weRq

V) ¯^vaxbZv msMÖv‡g e½eÜzi †bZ…Z¡

10| e½eÜz †kL gywReyi ingv‡bi kvmbKvj, 1972-1975

K) ¯^‡`k cÖZ¨veZ©b

L) msweavb cÖYqb

M) hy× weaŸ¯— †`k cybM©Vb

N) mcwiev‡i e½eÜz nZ¨v I Av`wk©K cUcwieZ©b

History of the Emergence of Independent Bangladesh

Introduction: Scope and description of the emergence of Independent Bangladesh.

Writing on this topic.

 

1. Description of the country and its people.

a. Geographical features and their influence.

b. Ethnic composition.

c. Language.

d. Cultural syncretism and religious tolerance.

e. Distinctive identity of Bangladesh in the context of undivided Bangladesh.

2. Proposal for undivided sovereign Bengal and the partition of the Sub Continent, 1947.

a. Rise of communalism under the colonial rule, Lahore Resolution 1940.

b. The proposal of Suhrawardi and Sarat Bose for undivided Bengal : consequences

c. The creation of Pakistan 1947 .

3. Pakistan: Structure of the state and disparity.

a. Central and provincial structure.

b. Influence of Military and Civil bureaucracy.

C . Economic , social and cultural disparity

4. Language Movement and quest for Bengali identity

a. Misrule by Muslim League and Struggle for democratic politics .

b. The Language Movement: context and phases .

c. United front of Haque – Vasani – Suhrawardi: election of 1954, consequences.

5. Military rule: the regimes of Ayub Khan and Yahia Khan (1958-1971)

a. Definition of military rules and its characteristics.

b. Ayub Khan’s rise to power and characteristics of his rule (Political repression, Basic democracy, Islamisation)

c. Fall of Ayub Khan and Yahia Khan’s rule (Abolition of one unit, universal suffrage, the Legal Framework Order)

6. Rise of nationalism and the Movement for self determination .

a. Resistance against cultura l aggression and resurgence of Bengali culture.

b. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and the six point movement

c. Reactions : Importance and significance

d . The Agortola Case 1968.

7. The mass- upsurge of 1969 and 11 point movement: background,programme and significance.

8. Election of 1970 and the Declaration of Independence by Bangobondhu

a. Election result and centres refusal to comply

b. The non co-operation movement, the 7th March , Address , Operation Searchlight

c. Declaration of Independence by Bangobondhu and his arrest

9. The war of Liberation 1971

a. Genocide, repression of women, refugees

b. Formation of Bangladesh government and proclamation of Independence

c. The spontaneous early resistance and subsequent organized resistance (Mukti Fouz, Mukti Bahini, guerillas and the frontal warfare )

d. Publicity Campaign in the war of Liberation (Shadhin Bangla Betar Kendra, the Campaigns abroad and formation of public opinion )

e. Contribution of students, women and the masses (Peoples war)

f. The role of super powers and the Muslim states in the Liberation war.

g. The Anti-liberation activities of the occupation army, the Peace Committee, Al-Badar, Al-Shams, Rajakars, pro Pakistan political parties and Pakistani Collaborators , killing of the intellectuals.

h. Trial of Bangabondhu and reaction of the World Community.

i. The contribution of India in the Liberation War

j. Formation of joint command and the Victory

k. The overall contribution of Bangabondhu in the Independence struggle.

10. The Bangabondhu Regime 1972-1975

a. Homecoming

b. Making of the constitution

c. Reconstruction of the war ravaged country

d. The murder of Bangabondhu and his family and the ideological turn-around.

 

mnvqK MÖš’

  1. bxnvi iÄb ivq, evOvjxi BwZnvm, †`Õ R cvewjwks, KjKvZv 1402 mvj|
  2. mvjvn& DwÏb Avn‡g` I Ab¨vb¨ (m¤úvw`Z), evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³ msMÖv‡gi BwZnvm 1947-1971, AvMvgx cÖKvkbx, XvKv 2002|
  3. wmivRyj Bmjvg (m¤úvw`Z), evsjv‡`‡ki BwZnvm 1704-1971, 3 LÛ, GwkqvwUK †mvmvBwU Ae evsjv‡`k, XvKv 1992|
  4. W. nvi“b-Ai-iwk`, evsjv‡`k: ivRbxwZ, miKvi I kvmbZvwš¿K Dbœqb 1757-2000, wbD GR cvewj‡KkÝ, XvKv 2001|
  5. W. nvi“b-Ai-iwk`, evOvwji ivóªwPš—v I ¯^vaxb evsjv‡`‡ki Af~¨`q, AvMvgx cÖKvkbx, XvKv 2003|
  6. W. nvi“b-Ai-iwk`, e½eÜzi Amgvß AvZ¥Rxebx cybcv©V, w` BDwbfvwm©wU †cÖm wjwg‡UW, XvKv 2013|
  7. W. AvZdzj nvB wkejx I W.†gvt gvneyei ingvb, evsjv‡`‡ki mvsweavwbK BwZnvm 1773-1972, m~eY© cÖKvkb, XvKv 2013|
  8. gybZvwmi gvgyb I RqšÍ Kzgvi ivq, evsjv‡`‡ki wmwfj mgvR cÖwZôvi msMÖvg, Aemi, XvKv 2006|
  9. AvwZDi ingvb, Amn‡hvM Av‡›`vj‡bi w`b¸wj: gyw³hy‡×i cÖ¯‘wZ ce©, mvwnZ¨ cÖKvk, XvKv 1998|
  10. W. †gvt gvneyei ingvb, evsjv‡`‡ki BwZnvm, 1905-47, Zvgªwjwc, XvKv 2011|
  11. W. †gvt gvneyei ingvb, evsjv‡`‡ki BwZnvm, 1947-1971, mgq cÖKvkb, XvKv 2012|
  12. ‰mq` Av‡bvqvi †nv‡mb, evsjv‡`‡ki ¯^vaxbZv hy‡× civkw³i f~wgKv, Wvbv cÖKvkbx, XvKv 1982|
  13. Aveyj gvj Ave`yj gywnZ, evsjv‡`k: RvwZiv‡óªi D™¢e, mvwnZ¨ cÖKvk, XvKv 2000|
  14. ‡kL gywReyi ingvb, Amgvß AvZ¥Rxebx, w` BDwbfvwm©wU †cÖm wjwg‡UW, XvKv 2012|
  15. wmivR D`&`xb Avn‡g`, GKvˇii gyw³hy×: ¯^vaxb evsjv‡`‡ki Af~¨`q, BmjvwgK dvD‡Ûkb, XvKv 2011|
  16. RqšÍ Kzgvi ivq, evsjv‡`‡ki ivR‰bwZK BwZnvm, myeY© cÖKvkb, XvKv 2010|
  17. Harun-or-Roshid, The Foreshadowing of Bangladesh: Bengal Muslim League and Muslim Politics, 1906-1947, The University Press Limited, Dhaka 2012.
  18. Rounaq Jahan, Pakistan: Failure in National Integration, The University Press Limited, Dhaka 1977.
  19. Talukder Maniruzzaman, Radical Politics and the Emergence of Bangladesh, Mowla, Brothers, Dhaka 2003.
  20. ‡gmevn Kvgvj I Ckvbx PµeZx©, bv‡Pv‡ji K…lK we‡`ªvn, mgKvjxb ivRbxwZ I Bjv wgÎ, DËiY, XvKv 2008|

21. ‡gmevn Kvgvj, Avmv` I Ebmˇii MYAfy¨Ìvb, weeZ©b, XvKv 1986|

 

Zoology-syllabus 3rd Year(2009-10)

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

 


Syllabus

Department of Zoology

Four Year B.Sc Honours Course

Effective from the

Session : 2009–2010


National University

Subject: Zoology

Syllabus for Four Year B.Sc. Honours Course

Effective from 2009-2010 Session

Course content and marks distribution

Third Year (Honours)

 

Subject Code

Subject Title

Marks

Credits

3172

Evolution, Palaeontology and Zoogeography

100

4

3173

Ecology

100

4

3174

Genetics and Animal Breeding

100

4

3175

Developmental Biology and Ethology

100

4

3176

Human Physiology

100

4

3177

Systematics, Demography and Family Planning

100

4

3178

Cell and Molecular Biology

100

4

3180

Zoology Practical-III

100

4

TOTAL

800

32


Course Code

3172

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Evolution, Palaeontology and Zoogeography

 

Evolution

  1. Lamarckism, Darwinism, Wallace’s theory and synthetic theory.
  2. Evidences of organic evolution: Biogeography, comparative anatomy, physiology, embryology, palaeontology and genetics.
  3. Modern trends in evolutionary thoughts: Punctuated equilibrium.
  4. Speciation: Definition, sympatric and allopatric speciation including induced speciation.
  5. Rates and mechanism of evolution: Isolation, continuous and discontinuous variations, gene mutation and chromosomal aberrations.
  6. Convergent, divergent and parallel evolution.

Palaeontology

  1. Introduction to palaeontology.
  2. Types of fossils, process of fossilization, fossil dating methods, significance of fossils.
  3. Geological Time Scale: Major events in different stages.
  4. Palaeontological history of horse, camel, elephant and man.

Zoogeography

  1. Introduction to zoogeography.
  2. History of the distribution of the land and water bodies of the world, Laurasia and Gondwana, continental drift theory, land bridge.
  3. Zoogeographical regions and sub-regions of the world - their boundaries, physical characteristics, climatic conditions, vegetation and fauna.
  4. Glaciation and its influence in the distribution of animals.
  5. Insular fauna.
  6. Origin, evolution and pattern of diagnostic characteristic fauna of different regions with special reference to the tropical and sub-tropical zones.

Books Recommended

1. M.R. Rose and V.V. Lauder. 1996. Adaptation. Academic Press

2. R.N. Brandon. 1995. Adaptation and Environment. Princeton UP, USA

3. G.C. Wiliams. 1996. Adaptation and Natural Selection: A Critique of Some Current Evolutionary Thought. Princeton UP, USA

4. S. Stearus and R. Hoeksra. 2000. Evolution: An Introduction. OUP, USA

5. C. Patterson. 1999 Evolution, Natural History Museum, London

6. C. Nielsen. 1995. Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla. OUP

7. G. Bell. 1996. Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution. Chapman & Hall

8. S. Bengtson. 1995. Early Life on Earth. Columbia UP, USA

9. J.D. Bernal. 1969. The Origin of Life. Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London

10. P.J. Darlington. 1998. Zoogeography: The Geographical Distribution of Animals. Krieger, USA

 


Course Code

3173

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Ecology

 

1. Introduction

a) Definition

b) History and scope of ecology

c) Study of ecology: Theoretical and practical approaches

d) Branches of ecology

2. The Environment

a) Abiotic factors: Temperature, relative humidity, pH, radiation, water, atmospheric gases, light, biogenic salts, current and pressure.

b) Biotic factors: Positive and negative interactions (protocooperation, commensalisms, mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism and commensalism).

3. Ecosystem Ecology

a) Definition, structure, component and function of ecosystem

b) Energy and its flow in ecosystem.

c) Biogeochemical cycles: Carbon, nitrogen and carbon dioxide

d) Aquatic ecosystems: Pond, lake, river, estuary and marine

e) Terrestrial ecosystems.

4. Community Ecology

a) Definition and types of communities.

b) Community concept and analysis.

c) Community structure, composition and stratification.

d) Ecological niche and habitats.

e) Ecological succession, ecotone.

f) Concept of climax.

g) Biomes and its types.

Books Recommended

1. R.E. Ricklefs. 1990. Ecology. W.H. Freeman

2. R.L. Smith. 1998. Elements of Ecology. Longman

3. R. Putman. 1993. Community Ecology. Chapman & Hall

4. M.Begon. J.L. Harper and C.R. Townsend. 1996. Ecology: Individuals. Populations and Communities. Blackwell Science.

5. S.I. Chapman and M.J. Reiss. Ecology: Principles and Application. CUP

6. J.L. Chapman and M.J. Reiss. Ecology: Principles and Applications. CUP

7. C.J. Krebs. 1993. Ecology- The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance. Harper Collians, New York

8. E.P. Odum. Fundamentals of Ecology, Saunders, Philadelphia

9. C.J. Krebs. 1998. Ecological Methodology. Addison Wesley Longman

10. P.J. Morin. 1999. Community Ecology. Blackwell Science


 


Course Code

3174

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Genetics and Animal Breeding

 

  1. Introduction to genetics, history of genetics.
  2. Mendel’s principles of segregation of gene and of independent assortment.
  3. Simple Mendelian traits in man.
  4. Modification of Mendelian ratio.
  5. Epistasis and reversion.
  6. Test cross and back cross.
  7. Multiple alleles and pseudoalleles.
  8. Pleiotropism.
  9. Penetrance and expressivity.
  10. Linkage and crossing over.
  11. Sex-linked, sex-limited and sex-influenced traits.
  12. Mutation and chromosomal aberrations.
  13. Sex determination.
  14. Cytoplasmic inheritance.
  15. Population genetics: Hardy-Weinberg law, factors affecting the Hardy-Weinberg Law, mutation, migration and genetic drift.
  16. Chromosomal mapping.
  17. Concepts of eugenics.
  18. Animal breeding: Inbreeding, outbreeding and crossbreeding, and their application to economically important animals.
  19. Role of genetics in human welfare.

Books Recommended

1. D.L. Harlt and E.W. Jones. 1998 Genetics: Principles and Analysis Jones and Bartlett

2. E.W. Sinnot, L.C. Dunn and DobZhansky. Principles of Genetics. McGraw Hill Book Co. New York

3. A.S. Islam, Fundamentals of Genetics Vikas publishing House Pvt. Ltd.

4. R.F. Weaver and P.W. Hedrick. 1995. Basic Genetics. Wm. C. Brown Publisher, Dubuque, Iowa

5. M.R. Cummings. 1997. Concepts of Genetics Prentice Hall

6. J.D. Hawkins. 1996. Gene Structure and Expression. CUP

7. M.J. Kearsey and H.S. Pooni. 1996. The Genetic Analysis of Quantitative Traits. Chapman & Hall

8. T.A. Brown. 1997 Genetics: A Molecular Approach. Chapman and Hall

9. J.M. Walker and E.B. Gingold. Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

10. C. Stern. Principles of Human Genetics W.H. Freeman & Co. San Francisco


 


Course Code

3175

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Developmental Biology and Ethology

 

Developmental Biology (50 marks)

  1. Gametogenesis: Spermatogenesis and oogenesis in mammals.
  2. Morphology of mammalian eggs and sperms.
  3. Types of eggs and sperms in animals.
  4. Fertilization in mammals: Types, events in fertilization, cortica changes, chemistry of fertilization, significance of fertilization.
  5. Cleavage and cleavage types in animals.
  6. Formation of morula, blastula and gastrula in Branchiostoma, toad and chicken.
  7. Formation and fate of germinal layers in Branchiostoma, toad and chicken.
  8. Extra embryonic membranes in amniotes.
  9. Placentation in mammals.
  10. Development of Neanthes and man.

Ethology (50 Marks)

  1. Introduction

a) Definitions

b) Concepts of behaviour

  1. Development of behaviour

a) Ontogeny

b) Natural selection

c) Environmental influence upon behaviour

  1. Physical basis of behaviour

a) Neural control of behaviour

b) Reflexes and behaviour

c) Effects of hormones on sexual, aggressive and maternal behaviour.

  1. Instinct and learning

a) Introduction to instinct and learning behaviour

b) Imprinting and learning

c) Sensitive period

  1. Social behaviour

a) Altruism: Kin selection, mutualism, recipocity

b) Parental care

  1. Signals for communication

a) Types and functions of communication

b) Animal calls and their uses

Books Recommended

1. S.F. Gilbert and A.M. Raunio (Editors), 1997 Embryology, Constricting the Organism, Sinauer

2. B.I. Balinsky An Introduction of Embryology

3. B.H. Willer and J.M. Oppenheimer 1968 Foundation of Experimental Embryology Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi.

4. J.S. Rosenblatt and C.T. Snowdon (Editors). 1996. Parental Care. Evolution. Mechanisms and Adaptive Significance

5. Alcock. 1998. Animal Behaviour. Sinauer.

6. J.R. Krebs and N.B. Davis 1993. An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology. Blackwell Scientific Publications.

7. A Manning and M. Dawkins 1998. Introduction to Animal Behaviour. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

8. R. Mathur 1996. Animal Behaviour. Rastogi and Company, India.

9. D. McFarland. 1998. Animal Behaviour: Psychobiology, Ethology and Evolution, Prentice Hall, London.

10. J. Alcock. 1998. Animal Behaviour. Sinauer.

11. J.R. Krebs and N.B. Davies 1993. An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology. Blackwell Scientific Publications.

12. A. Manning and M. Dawkins 1998. Introduction to Animal Behaviour. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

13. R. Mathur 1996. Animal Behaviour. Rastogi and Company, India.

14. D. McFarland 1998. Animal Behaviour: Psychobiology, Ethology and Evolution. Prentice Hall, London.

 


Course Code

3176

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Human Physiology

 

1. Digestion: Definition; composition and functions of saliva, digestive juices, enzymes and biles; absorption of different types of food in intestine, functions of liver and pancreas.

2. Metabolism: Definition, metabolic pathways, metabolism of carbohydrates (glycolysis, Kreb’s Cycle and oxidative phosphorylation), metabolism of glycogen in liver and muscles (glycogenesis and glyconeogenesis), metabolism of lipids (deposited fats and its functions, oxidation of fats), metabolism of proteins
(fate and functions of amino acids, Ornithine Cycle, transamination-transmethylation); role of endocrines, vitamins, phospholipids, steroids and cholesterol.

3. Circulation : Myogenic regulation of heart beat, transmission of impulse, cardiac cycle, functions of blood, blood grouping, blood pressure, mechanism of coronary and pulmonary circulations, functions of tissue fluids and lymphs.

4. Respiration: Mechanism of breathing, pulmonary ventilation, exchange of gases in lungs, oxygen and carbon dioxide transport, internal respiration.

5. Movement: Mechanism of muscle contraction and retraction, neuromuscular junction, metabolism in muscles, muscular fatigue.

6. Coordination (neural and hormonal): Conduction of nerve impulse, reflex action, hormonal control.

7. Excretion: Formation of urine in kidneys (ultrafiltration, reabsorption and secretion), osmoregulation, regulation of blood pH, composition of urine.

8. Homeostasis: Definition, mechanism and role of various physiological systems in homeostasis.

Books Recommended

1. C.C. Chatterjee. Human Physiology: Vols. I & II

2. V. Tatornor. Human Anatomy and Physiology.


 


Course Code

3177

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Systematics, Demography and Family Planning

 

Systematics (50 marks)

  1. Introduction to taxonomy and systematics
  2. History of taxonomy
  3. Old and new systematics
  4. Levels of taxonomy
  5. Taxonomic categories
  6. Species concept
  7. Methods of animal collection and preservation for taxonomic studies
  8. Taxonomic publications
  9. Taxonomic keys: Types, preparation and significance
  10. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN), origin of the code, rules of nomenclature
  11. Law of priority
  12. Type specimens
  13. Modern trend in taxonomic approach including cladistic
  14. Formation of generic and specific names
  15. Describing a new species

Demography and Family Planning (50 marks)

  1. Introduction, definition and history of demographic development
  2. History and perspective of human population growth
  3. Human population and its nature of growth
  4. Factors for population explosion
  5. Population management
  6. Demographic theories
  7. Logistic model of population growth
  8. Density dependent and density independent factors
  9. Absolute and relative growth rates
  10. Human reproductive system and the accessory glands
  11. Sex hormones and their role in human reproduction, puberty, ovarian cycle, menopause
  12. Regulation menstrual cycle and pregnancy
  13. Fertilization, pregnancy, placenta, fetus and fetal development, parturition (child birth)
  14. Importance of family planning and management, ethics of family planning
  15. Birth control principles and methods

Books Recommended

1. G.G. Simpson. 1990. Principles of Animal Taxonomy. Columbia UP, USA

2. E. Mayr and P.D. Ashock. 1997. Principles of Systematic Zoology McGraw Hill

3. E. Mayr. 1999 Systematics and the Origin of Species from the view point of a Zoologist. Harvard UP. USA

4. Q.D. Wheeler and R. Meier (Editors). 2000 Species Concepts and Phylogenetic Theory: A Debate. Columbia UP. USA

5. A.F. Gotch. 1995. Latin Names Explained: A Guide to the Scienfific Classification of Reptiles. Birds and Mammals. Blanford

6. W.D.L. Ride et al. (Editors). 1999. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature ICZN

7. D.A. Dunnette and R.J. O. Brien (Editors). 1992. The Science of Global Change: The Impact of Human Activity on the Environment. RSC

8. A Goudie. 1993. The Human Impact on the Natural Environment. Blackwell Science

9. N.T. Boaz and A.J. Almquest. 1996. Biological Anthoropology: A Synthetic Approach to human Evolution, Princeton- Hall

10. R.K. Wolke. Impact: Science on Society, W.B. Saunders Company, London.

 


Course Code

3178

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Cell and Molecular Biology

 

Cell Biology (50 marks)

  1. Microscope: Types, functions, magnification and resolving power
  2. General account of the cell: Structure of cell, prokaryote and eukaryote cells, protoplasm and its colloidal nature, organic compounds in cells, cell theory
  3. Cellular structure and functions: Chemical composition of cell membrane, membrane models and functions of cell membrane; types, structures and functions of chromosomes.
  4. Cellular organelles: Ultrastructure, formation and functions of Golgi complex, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, lysosomes, mitochondria, centrioles, microtubules and cytoskeleton; morphology and cytochemistry of nucleus
  5. Changes in chromosomal structures and numbers: Deletion, duplication, inversion, translocation, aneuploidy, euploidy and their significance
  6. Cell division: Types of cell division, growth cycle, division and differentiation, significance of cell division.

Molecular Biology (50 marks)

  1. Concepts of molecular biology
  2. Gene: Chemistry and functions of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA)
  3. Replication of DNA, transcription of RNA, replication of viruses
  4. Genetic organization of DNA and RNA: Genome and genomics
  5. Protein synthesis and its regulation
  6. Immunology: Molecular biology of immune systems, structure and functions of immunoglobulins, antibody, antibody synthesis, immunization

Books Recommended

1. M.T. Pelezar. R.D. Reid and E.C.S. Chan. Microbiology: Tata McGraw Hill Co

2. H.G. Schlegel. 1993. General Microbiology. CUP

3. S. O’Neill. A.A. Hoffmann and J.H. Werren (Editors). 1997. Influential Passengers: Inherited Microorganisms and Arthropod Reproduction. OUP

4. A.H. Varnam and M.G. Evans. 1998. Environmental Microbiology Manson

5. A. Bruce D. Brey and J.D. Watson 1994. Molecular Biology of the Cell. (3rd ed.) Garland Publ. Inc.

6. G.S. Stent and R. Calender. 1971. Molecular Genetics W.H. Freeman and Company. San Fransisco.

7. E.D. Robertis and E.M. Dc Robertis. Jr. 1981. Essentials of Cell and Molecular Biology. Saunders College Publishing. New York

8. P.S. Verma and V.K. Agarwal 1985. Cytology. S. Chand & Co. Ltd, New Delhi, India.

9. G. Chopra, R.C. Gupta, S.K. Goyal 1989. Cytology. S. Chand & Co Ltd. New Delhi, India.

10. D. Robertis 1995. Cell and Molecular Biology. B.I. Waverly Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India

11. P.S. Verma and V.K. Agarwal 1985. Cytology. S. Chand & Co. Ltd, New Delhi, India.

12. G. Chopra, R.C. Gupta, S.K. Goyal 1989. Cytology. S. Chand & Co. Ltd., New Delhi, India.

13. D. Robertis 1995. Cell and Molecular Biology. B.I. Waverly Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India.

 


Course Code

3180

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Time: 2 days, 6 hours/day

Course Title:

Zoology Practical - III

 

1. Microtomy: Preparation of permanent histological slides.

2. Taxonomy: Taxonomic study of different animal groups following standard taxonomic procedures and techniques.

3. Ecology:

a) Visiting pond to study pond ecosystem including faunal and floral composition and food chain.

b) Visiting forest and sea shore to study animals and their adaptation, and preparation of a report on the visits.

c) Study of the population of a species in a given area by using quadrat/transect method.

  1. Water analysis: Measurement of dissolved oxygen, carbon dioxide, ammonia, nitrite, pH, turbidity and salinity.
  2. Genetics: Study of the characteristics of Drosophila, its identification of body parts and sex, identification of mutant flies.
  3. Physiology: Estimation of blood pressure and pulse rate, determination of blood group, estimation of urine sugar.
  4. Animal preservation: Collection, handling, immobilization, killing and preservation of different animal groups following standard techniques.
  5. Excursion/study tour to the sea/estuary/forest, specimen collection, and preparation of a report.
  6. Preparation of practical class note books.

Distribution of marks for Third Year Final Practical Examination

Microtomy = 25 marks

(Block preparation - 5, tissue section - 4, tissue stretching - 5,

tissue staining - 4, tissue identification - 2,

drawing and labelling - 3, identifying characteristics - 2)

1. Taxonomy = 15 marks

(Construction of a dichotomous taxonomic key on the specimens -

at least 10 specimens)

2. Ecology = 10 marks

3. Water Analysis = 10 marks

(One item will be given in the examination and

the following points will be mentioned -

Principles and objectives - 2, materials required - 1,

procedure - 2, data taking and presentation - 1,

data analysis and discussion - 4)

4. Genetics = 07 marks

5. Physiology = 08 marks

6. Excursion report and collection = 15 marks

(Collection, preservation and identification of 10 specimens

of different phyla, excursion report - 5)

8. Practical class note books = 10 marks

Total = 100 marks

Books Recommended

1. J.R. Baker. 1996. Cytological Technique. John Wiley & sons

2. J.E. Brower, J.H. Zar and C.N. von Ende (Editors). 1997. Field and Laboratory Methods for General Ecology. Wm. C. Brown

3. S.D. Wratten and G.L.A. Fry Field and Laboratory Exercies in Ecology. Edward Arnold, London

4. T.A. Brown. 1994. DNA Sequencing: The Basics. BIOS

5. D.B. Roberts (Editor). 1998. Drosophila: A Practical Approach. IRL Press

6. W.A. Becker. 1992. Manual of Quantitative Genetics.

 

Zoology-2nd Year(2009-10)

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

 


Syllabus

Department of Zoology

Four Year B.Sc Honours Course

Effective from the

Session : 2009–2010


National University

Subject: Zoology

Syllabus for Four Year B.Sc. Honours Course

Effective from 2009-2010 Session

Course content and marks distribution

Third Year (Honours)

 

Subject Code

Subject Title

Marks

Credits

3172

Evolution, Palaeontology and Zoogeography

100

4

3173

Ecology

100

4

3174

Genetics and Animal Breeding

100

4

3175

Developmental Biology and Ethology

100

4

3176

Human Physiology

100

4

3177

Systematics, Demography and Family Planning

100

4

3178

Cell and Molecular Biology

100

4

3180

Zoology Practical-III

100

4

TOTAL

800

32


Course Code

3172

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Evolution, Palaeontology and Zoogeography

 

Evolution

  1. Lamarckism, Darwinism, Wallace’s theory and synthetic theory.
  2. Evidences of organic evolution: Biogeography, comparative anatomy, physiology, embryology, palaeontology and genetics.
  3. Modern trends in evolutionary thoughts: Punctuated equilibrium.
  4. Speciation: Definition, sympatric and allopatric speciation including induced speciation.
  5. Rates and mechanism of evolution: Isolation, continuous and discontinuous variations, gene mutation and chromosomal aberrations.
  6. Convergent, divergent and parallel evolution.

Palaeontology

  1. Introduction to palaeontology.
  2. Types of fossils, process of fossilization, fossil dating methods, significance of fossils.
  3. Geological Time Scale: Major events in different stages.
  4. Palaeontological history of horse, camel, elephant and man.

Zoogeography

  1. Introduction to zoogeography.
  2. History of the distribution of the land and water bodies of the world, Laurasia and Gondwana, continental drift theory, land bridge.
  3. Zoogeographical regions and sub-regions of the world - their boundaries, physical characteristics, climatic conditions, vegetation and fauna.
  4. Glaciation and its influence in the distribution of animals.
  5. Insular fauna.
  6. Origin, evolution and pattern of diagnostic characteristic fauna of different regions with special reference to the tropical and sub-tropical zones.

Books Recommended

1. M.R. Rose and V.V. Lauder. 1996. Adaptation. Academic Press

2. R.N. Brandon. 1995. Adaptation and Environment. Princeton UP, USA

3. G.C. Wiliams. 1996. Adaptation and Natural Selection: A Critique of Some Current Evolutionary Thought. Princeton UP, USA

4. S. Stearus and R. Hoeksra. 2000. Evolution: An Introduction. OUP, USA

5. C. Patterson. 1999 Evolution, Natural History Museum, London

6. C. Nielsen. 1995. Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla. OUP

7. G. Bell. 1996. Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution. Chapman & Hall

8. S. Bengtson. 1995. Early Life on Earth. Columbia UP, USA

9. J.D. Bernal. 1969. The Origin of Life. Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London

10. P.J. Darlington. 1998. Zoogeography: The Geographical Distribution of Animals. Krieger, USA

 


Course Code

3173

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Ecology

 

1. Introduction

a) Definition

b) History and scope of ecology

c) Study of ecology: Theoretical and practical approaches

d) Branches of ecology

2. The Environment

a) Abiotic factors: Temperature, relative humidity, pH, radiation, water, atmospheric gases, light, biogenic salts, current and pressure.

b) Biotic factors: Positive and negative interactions (protocooperation, commensalisms, mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism and commensalism).

3. Ecosystem Ecology

a) Definition, structure, component and function of ecosystem

b) Energy and its flow in ecosystem.

c) Biogeochemical cycles: Carbon, nitrogen and carbon dioxide

d) Aquatic ecosystems: Pond, lake, river, estuary and marine

e) Terrestrial ecosystems.

4. Community Ecology

a) Definition and types of communities.

b) Community concept and analysis.

c) Community structure, composition and stratification.

d) Ecological niche and habitats.

e) Ecological succession, ecotone.

f) Concept of climax.

g) Biomes and its types.

Books Recommended

1. R.E. Ricklefs. 1990. Ecology. W.H. Freeman

2. R.L. Smith. 1998. Elements of Ecology. Longman

3. R. Putman. 1993. Community Ecology. Chapman & Hall

4. M.Begon. J.L. Harper and C.R. Townsend. 1996. Ecology: Individuals. Populations and Communities. Blackwell Science.

5. S.I. Chapman and M.J. Reiss. Ecology: Principles and Application. CUP

6. J.L. Chapman and M.J. Reiss. Ecology: Principles and Applications. CUP

7. C.J. Krebs. 1993. Ecology- The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance. Harper Collians, New York

8. E.P. Odum. Fundamentals of Ecology, Saunders, Philadelphia

9. C.J. Krebs. 1998. Ecological Methodology. Addison Wesley Longman

10. P.J. Morin. 1999. Community Ecology. Blackwell Science


 


Course Code

3174

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Genetics and Animal Breeding

 

  1. Introduction to genetics, history of genetics.
  2. Mendel’s principles of segregation of gene and of independent assortment.
  3. Simple Mendelian traits in man.
  4. Modification of Mendelian ratio.
  5. Epistasis and reversion.
  6. Test cross and back cross.
  7. Multiple alleles and pseudoalleles.
  8. Pleiotropism.
  9. Penetrance and expressivity.
  10. Linkage and crossing over.
  11. Sex-linked, sex-limited and sex-influenced traits.
  12. Mutation and chromosomal aberrations.
  13. Sex determination.
  14. Cytoplasmic inheritance.
  15. Population genetics: Hardy-Weinberg law, factors affecting the Hardy-Weinberg Law, mutation, migration and genetic drift.
  16. Chromosomal mapping.
  17. Concepts of eugenics.
  18. Animal breeding: Inbreeding, outbreeding and crossbreeding, and their application to economically important animals.
  19. Role of genetics in human welfare.

Books Recommended

1. D.L. Harlt and E.W. Jones. 1998 Genetics: Principles and Analysis Jones and Bartlett

2. E.W. Sinnot, L.C. Dunn and DobZhansky. Principles of Genetics. McGraw Hill Book Co. New York

3. A.S. Islam, Fundamentals of Genetics Vikas publishing House Pvt. Ltd.

4. R.F. Weaver and P.W. Hedrick. 1995. Basic Genetics. Wm. C. Brown Publisher, Dubuque, Iowa

5. M.R. Cummings. 1997. Concepts of Genetics Prentice Hall

6. J.D. Hawkins. 1996. Gene Structure and Expression. CUP

7. M.J. Kearsey and H.S. Pooni. 1996. The Genetic Analysis of Quantitative Traits. Chapman & Hall

8. T.A. Brown. 1997 Genetics: A Molecular Approach. Chapman and Hall

9. J.M. Walker and E.B. Gingold. Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

10. C. Stern. Principles of Human Genetics W.H. Freeman & Co. San Francisco


 


Course Code

3175

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Developmental Biology and Ethology

 

Developmental Biology (50 marks)

  1. Gametogenesis: Spermatogenesis and oogenesis in mammals.
  2. Morphology of mammalian eggs and sperms.
  3. Types of eggs and sperms in animals.
  4. Fertilization in mammals: Types, events in fertilization, cortica changes, chemistry of fertilization, significance of fertilization.
  5. Cleavage and cleavage types in animals.
  6. Formation of morula, blastula and gastrula in Branchiostoma, toad and chicken.
  7. Formation and fate of germinal layers in Branchiostoma, toad and chicken.
  8. Extra embryonic membranes in amniotes.
  9. Placentation in mammals.
  10. Development of Neanthes and man.

Ethology (50 Marks)

  1. Introduction

a) Definitions

b) Concepts of behaviour

  1. Development of behaviour

a) Ontogeny

b) Natural selection

c) Environmental influence upon behaviour

  1. Physical basis of behaviour

a) Neural control of behaviour

b) Reflexes and behaviour

c) Effects of hormones on sexual, aggressive and maternal behaviour.

  1. Instinct and learning

a) Introduction to instinct and learning behaviour

b) Imprinting and learning

c) Sensitive period

  1. Social behaviour

a) Altruism: Kin selection, mutualism, recipocity

b) Parental care

  1. Signals for communication

a) Types and functions of communication

b) Animal calls and their uses

Books Recommended

1. S.F. Gilbert and A.M. Raunio (Editors), 1997 Embryology, Constricting the Organism, Sinauer

2. B.I. Balinsky An Introduction of Embryology

3. B.H. Willer and J.M. Oppenheimer 1968 Foundation of Experimental Embryology Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi.

4. J.S. Rosenblatt and C.T. Snowdon (Editors). 1996. Parental Care. Evolution. Mechanisms and Adaptive Significance

5. Alcock. 1998. Animal Behaviour. Sinauer.

6. J.R. Krebs and N.B. Davis 1993. An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology. Blackwell Scientific Publications.

7. A Manning and M. Dawkins 1998. Introduction to Animal Behaviour. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

8. R. Mathur 1996. Animal Behaviour. Rastogi and Company, India.

9. D. McFarland. 1998. Animal Behaviour: Psychobiology, Ethology and Evolution, Prentice Hall, London.

10. J. Alcock. 1998. Animal Behaviour. Sinauer.

11. J.R. Krebs and N.B. Davies 1993. An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology. Blackwell Scientific Publications.

12. A. Manning and M. Dawkins 1998. Introduction to Animal Behaviour. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

13. R. Mathur 1996. Animal Behaviour. Rastogi and Company, India.

14. D. McFarland 1998. Animal Behaviour: Psychobiology, Ethology and Evolution. Prentice Hall, London.

 


Course Code

3176

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Human Physiology

 

1. Digestion: Definition; composition and functions of saliva, digestive juices, enzymes and biles; absorption of different types of food in intestine, functions of liver and pancreas.

2. Metabolism: Definition, metabolic pathways, metabolism of carbohydrates (glycolysis, Kreb’s Cycle and oxidative phosphorylation), metabolism of glycogen in liver and muscles (glycogenesis and glyconeogenesis), metabolism of lipids (deposited fats and its functions, oxidation of fats), metabolism of proteins
(fate and functions of amino acids, Ornithine Cycle, transamination-transmethylation); role of endocrines, vitamins, phospholipids, steroids and cholesterol.

3. Circulation : Myogenic regulation of heart beat, transmission of impulse, cardiac cycle, functions of blood, blood grouping, blood pressure, mechanism of coronary and pulmonary circulations, functions of tissue fluids and lymphs.

4. Respiration: Mechanism of breathing, pulmonary ventilation, exchange of gases in lungs, oxygen and carbon dioxide transport, internal respiration.

5. Movement: Mechanism of muscle contraction and retraction, neuromuscular junction, metabolism in muscles, muscular fatigue.

6. Coordination (neural and hormonal): Conduction of nerve impulse, reflex action, hormonal control.

7. Excretion: Formation of urine in kidneys (ultrafiltration, reabsorption and secretion), osmoregulation, regulation of blood pH, composition of urine.

8. Homeostasis: Definition, mechanism and role of various physiological systems in homeostasis.

Books Recommended

1. C.C. Chatterjee. Human Physiology: Vols. I & II

2. V. Tatornor. Human Anatomy and Physiology.


 


Course Code

3177

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Systematics, Demography and Family Planning

 

Systematics (50 marks)

  1. Introduction to taxonomy and systematics
  2. History of taxonomy
  3. Old and new systematics
  4. Levels of taxonomy
  5. Taxonomic categories
  6. Species concept
  7. Methods of animal collection and preservation for taxonomic studies
  8. Taxonomic publications
  9. Taxonomic keys: Types, preparation and significance
  10. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN), origin of the code, rules of nomenclature
  11. Law of priority
  12. Type specimens
  13. Modern trend in taxonomic approach including cladistic
  14. Formation of generic and specific names
  15. Describing a new species

Demography and Family Planning (50 marks)

  1. Introduction, definition and history of demographic development
  2. History and perspective of human population growth
  3. Human population and its nature of growth
  4. Factors for population explosion
  5. Population management
  6. Demographic theories
  7. Logistic model of population growth
  8. Density dependent and density independent factors
  9. Absolute and relative growth rates
  10. Human reproductive system and the accessory glands
  11. Sex hormones and their role in human reproduction, puberty, ovarian cycle, menopause
  12. Regulation menstrual cycle and pregnancy
  13. Fertilization, pregnancy, placenta, fetus and fetal development, parturition (child birth)
  14. Importance of family planning and management, ethics of family planning
  15. Birth control principles and methods

Books Recommended

1. G.G. Simpson. 1990. Principles of Animal Taxonomy. Columbia UP, USA

2. E. Mayr and P.D. Ashock. 1997. Principles of Systematic Zoology McGraw Hill

3. E. Mayr. 1999 Systematics and the Origin of Species from the view point of a Zoologist. Harvard UP. USA

4. Q.D. Wheeler and R. Meier (Editors). 2000 Species Concepts and Phylogenetic Theory: A Debate. Columbia UP. USA

5. A.F. Gotch. 1995. Latin Names Explained: A Guide to the Scienfific Classification of Reptiles. Birds and Mammals. Blanford

6. W.D.L. Ride et al. (Editors). 1999. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature ICZN

7. D.A. Dunnette and R.J. O. Brien (Editors). 1992. The Science of Global Change: The Impact of Human Activity on the Environment. RSC

8. A Goudie. 1993. The Human Impact on the Natural Environment. Blackwell Science

9. N.T. Boaz and A.J. Almquest. 1996. Biological Anthoropology: A Synthetic Approach to human Evolution, Princeton- Hall

10. R.K. Wolke. Impact: Science on Society, W.B. Saunders Company, London.

 


Course Code

3178

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Cell and Molecular Biology

 

Cell Biology (50 marks)

  1. Microscope: Types, functions, magnification and resolving power
  2. General account of the cell: Structure of cell, prokaryote and eukaryote cells, protoplasm and its colloidal nature, organic compounds in cells, cell theory
  3. Cellular structure and functions: Chemical composition of cell membrane, membrane models and functions of cell membrane; types, structures and functions of chromosomes.
  4. Cellular organelles: Ultrastructure, formation and functions of Golgi complex, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, lysosomes, mitochondria, centrioles, microtubules and cytoskeleton; morphology and cytochemistry of nucleus
  5. Changes in chromosomal structures and numbers: Deletion, duplication, inversion, translocation, aneuploidy, euploidy and their significance
  6. Cell division: Types of cell division, growth cycle, division and differentiation, significance of cell division.

Molecular Biology (50 marks)

  1. Concepts of molecular biology
  2. Gene: Chemistry and functions of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA)
  3. Replication of DNA, transcription of RNA, replication of viruses
  4. Genetic organization of DNA and RNA: Genome and genomics
  5. Protein synthesis and its regulation
  6. Immunology: Molecular biology of immune systems, structure and functions of immunoglobulins, antibody, antibody synthesis, immunization

Books Recommended

1. M.T. Pelezar. R.D. Reid and E.C.S. Chan. Microbiology: Tata McGraw Hill Co

2. H.G. Schlegel. 1993. General Microbiology. CUP

3. S. O’Neill. A.A. Hoffmann and J.H. Werren (Editors). 1997. Influential Passengers: Inherited Microorganisms and Arthropod Reproduction. OUP

4. A.H. Varnam and M.G. Evans. 1998. Environmental Microbiology Manson

5. A. Bruce D. Brey and J.D. Watson 1994. Molecular Biology of the Cell. (3rd ed.) Garland Publ. Inc.

6. G.S. Stent and R. Calender. 1971. Molecular Genetics W.H. Freeman and Company. San Fransisco.

7. E.D. Robertis and E.M. Dc Robertis. Jr. 1981. Essentials of Cell and Molecular Biology. Saunders College Publishing. New York

8. P.S. Verma and V.K. Agarwal 1985. Cytology. S. Chand & Co. Ltd, New Delhi, India.

9. G. Chopra, R.C. Gupta, S.K. Goyal 1989. Cytology. S. Chand & Co Ltd. New Delhi, India.

10. D. Robertis 1995. Cell and Molecular Biology. B.I. Waverly Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India

11. P.S. Verma and V.K. Agarwal 1985. Cytology. S. Chand & Co. Ltd, New Delhi, India.

12. G. Chopra, R.C. Gupta, S.K. Goyal 1989. Cytology. S. Chand & Co. Ltd., New Delhi, India.

13. D. Robertis 1995. Cell and Molecular Biology. B.I. Waverly Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India.

 


Course Code

3180

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Time: 2 days, 6 hours/day

Course Title:

Zoology Practical - III

 

1. Microtomy: Preparation of permanent histological slides.

2. Taxonomy: Taxonomic study of different animal groups following standard taxonomic procedures and techniques.

3. Ecology:

a) Visiting pond to study pond ecosystem including faunal and floral composition and food chain.

b) Visiting forest and sea shore to study animals and their adaptation, and preparation of a report on the visits.

c) Study of the population of a species in a given area by using quadrat/transect method.

  1. Water analysis: Measurement of dissolved oxygen, carbon dioxide, ammonia, nitrite, pH, turbidity and salinity.
  2. Genetics: Study of the characteristics of Drosophila, its identification of body parts and sex, identification of mutant flies.
  3. Physiology: Estimation of blood pressure and pulse rate, determination of blood group, estimation of urine sugar.
  4. Animal preservation: Collection, handling, immobilization, killing and preservation of different animal groups following standard techniques.
  5. Excursion/study tour to the sea/estuary/forest, specimen collection, and preparation of a report.
  6. Preparation of practical class note books.

Distribution of marks for Third Year Final Practical Examination

Microtomy = 25 marks

(Block preparation - 5, tissue section - 4, tissue stretching - 5,

tissue staining - 4, tissue identification - 2,

drawing and labelling - 3, identifying characteristics - 2)

1. Taxonomy = 15 marks

(Construction of a dichotomous taxonomic key on the specimens -

at least 10 specimens)

2. Ecology = 10 marks

3. Water Analysis = 10 marks

(One item will be given in the examination and

the following points will be mentioned -

Principles and objectives - 2, materials required - 1,

procedure - 2, data taking and presentation - 1,

data analysis and discussion - 4)

4. Genetics = 07 marks

5. Physiology = 08 marks

6. Excursion report and collection = 15 marks

(Collection, preservation and identification of 10 specimens

of different phyla, excursion report - 5)

8. Practical class note books = 10 marks

Total = 100 marks

Books Recommended

1. J.R. Baker. 1996. Cytological Technique. John Wiley & sons

2. J.E. Brower, J.H. Zar and C.N. von Ende (Editors). 1997. Field and Laboratory Methods for General Ecology. Wm. C. Brown

3. S.D. Wratten and G.L.A. Fry Field and Laboratory Exercies in Ecology. Edward Arnold, London

4. T.A. Brown. 1994. DNA Sequencing: The Basics. BIOS

5. D.B. Roberts (Editor). 1998. Drosophila: A Practical Approach. IRL Press

6. W.A. Becker. 1992. Manual of Quantitative Genetics.

 

Zoology-4th Year(2013-14)

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

Fourth Year Syllabus
Department of Zoology

Four Year B.Sc. Honours Course
Effective from the Session : 2013–2014


National University

Syllabus for Four Year B.Sc. Honours Course

Subject: Zoology

Effective from the Session: 2013-2014

Year-wise Papers and marks distribution

FOURTH YEAR

 

Paper Code

Paper Title

Marks

Credits

243101

Applied and Economic Zoology

100

4

243103

Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology

100

4

243105

Biostatistics and Research Methodologies

100

4

243107

Microbiology and Radiation Biology

100

4

243109

Parasitology

100

4

243111

Entomology

100

4

243113

Fisheries Biology

100

4

243115

Wildlife Biology

100

4

243116

Zoology Practical-IV

100

4

243118

Viva-voce

100

4

Total =

1000

40


Detailed Syllabus

 


Paper Code

243101

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

Applied and Economic Zoology

 

  1. Apiculture: Concept and scope, profiles of honey producing bee species in Bangladesh, bee-flower relationship, bee-keeping, types of hive and their management, honey processing and marketing, diseases of bees and their management.
  2. Sericulture: Concept and scope, varieties of silkworm and their host plants, techniques of silkworm rearing, silkworm diseases and pests and their control.
  3. Lac culture: Systematic position and distribution of lac insects, host plants of lac insects.
  4. Carp culture: Types of culture, carp culture including induced breeding of carps in ponds.
  5. Prawn culture: Types, techniques and management.
  6. Pearl culture: Profiles of pearl-producing species, culture techniques.
  7. Mericulture: Concept and scope.
  8. Aquaculture:

a) Components of a hatchery, fish ponds, shrimp farms, cages and pens

b) Pond culture: Types, soil and water quality, pond preparation, species selection, stocking density and management techniques of carp, mass production of fry and fingerlings, brood fish.

  1. Integrated fish farming: Poultry, livestock and paddy-cum-fish culture; open water stocking in haors, baors, beels and floodplains.
  2. Dairy farming: Concept and scope, components of a dairy farm, major dairy farms in Bangladesh.
  3. Poultry farming: Varieties of fowls and ducks, techniques of poultry farming, major diseases of poultry and their control.

Books Recommended

1. Dennis S. Hill. 1997. The economic importance of insects (1st edition) chapman and Hall, London

2. P. Southgate and J.Lucas (Editors). 1998. Aquaculture Fish and Shellfish Farming Fishing news

3. A. Midlen and T.A. Reading 1998. Pollution Control and Environmental Management for Aquaculture. Chapman & Hall

4. D.J. Baird. M.C.M. Beveridge. L.A. Kelly and J.F. Muir 1996. Aquaculture and Water Resource Management Fishing News

5. C.G. Scalet L.D. Flake and D.W. Willis. 1996. Introduction to Wildlife and Fisheries: An Integrated Approach W.H. Freeman

6. G.L. Hoff; A. Fairbrother and L.N. Locke (Editors). 1996. Noninfectious Diseases of Wildlife. Manson

7. M. Huet. 1986. Text book of Fish culture-Breeding and Cultivation of Fish (2nd Edition. Fishing News Books

8. P.H. Mine 1979 Fish and Shellfish Farming in Coastal Waters. Fishing News Books Ltd. England

9. J.E. Bardach; J.H. Ryther and W.O. Mclarney 1972. Aquaculture the Farming and Husbandry of Freshwater and Marine Organisms. John Wiley & Sons.

 


Paper Code

243103

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology

 

Genetic Engineering (50 marks)

  1. Concepts and scopes of genetic engineering
  2. Recombinant DNA technology
  3. Extraction and preparation of genes
  4. Plasmid vectors
  5. Recipients of foreign genes
  6. Production of insulin by genetically engineered Escherichia coli
  7. Use of genetic engineering technologies in industries
  8. Microinjection technology and creation of transgenic animal
  9. Principles, techniques and applications of gene cloning
  10. Human genome project

Biotechnology (50 Marks)

  1. History, concepts and scopes of biotechnology
  2. Processes and products in biotechnology
  3. Biotechnology and microorganisms
  4. Microbial screening, selection and strain improvement
  5. Primary and secondary metabolism; primary and secondary metabolites in biotechnology
  6. Fermentation technology in food production and brewing; lactic acid fermentation; alcoholic fermentation
  7. Yeast cloning
  8. Enzyme technology: industrial production of enzymes, immobilized enzymes, production of antibiotics
  9. Biosensors
  10. Recombinant DNA in food industry
  11. Medical biotechnology: Monoclonal antibodies and their applications; methods in diagnosis of genetic diseases and gene therapies; antibiotic resistance

Books Recommended

1. S.M. Kingsman and A.J. Kingsman. Genetic Engineering

2. A. Wiseman. Principles of Biotechnology

3. S.B. Primrose. Modern Biotechnology

4. B. Robson and J. Garnier. Introduction to Proteins and Protein Engineering

5. S.B. Primrose. Principles of Gene Manipulation

6. D.M. Glover. Principles of Gene cloning

7. J. Bulock and B. Kristeansen. Basic Biotechnology

 


Paper Code

243105

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

Biostatistics and Research Methodology

 

Biostatistics (50 marks)

  1. Introduction, definition and scope of biostatistics.
  2. Variables, data, population and observation.
  3. Frequency distribution, histogram and polygon.
  4. Measurements of central tendency: Mean, median and mode.
  5. Z-test and its significance.
  6. Measures of dispersion: Range, variance, standard deviation and standard error.
  7. Hypothesis tests: Concept and interpretation of a hypothesis test, null and alternative hypothesis, critical region, one-tailed and two-tailed tests.
  8. Student t-distribution: t-test for single mean and for difference of means.
  9. Chi-square test of goodness of fit and contingency tables.
  10. Regression and correlation: Scatter diagram, analysis of linear regression; estimation of correlation coefficient-r, its use, interpretation and limitations.
  11. F-statistics: F distribution, one way analysis of variance (ANOVA), F-table, F-test for equality of population variance: multiple range test (MRT).
  12. Probit analysis.
  13. Sampling.

Research Methodology (50 marks)

  1. Introduction: Meaning of research, objectives of research, research processes, criteria for good research, problems encountered by researchers in Bangladesh.
  2. Defining research problem: Selecting research problem, techniques involved in defining a problem.
  3. Research design: Need for research design, basic principles of experimental designs, different research designs, developing a research plan.
  4. Sampling design: Steps in sampling designs, characteristics of a good research design, different types of sampling designs, how to select a random sample? Research conclusion, references, and summary/abstract.
  5. Use of biological records, biological abstracts, e-resources.
  6. Use of GIS in biological research.
  7. Bioinformatics: Retrieval of literature and information databases; software for biological studies.
  8. Scientific Report Writing: Title, by line, abstract, Key words, introduction, acknowledgements, study area, material and methods, results, discussion and literature Cited (reports should also contain tables, photographs, illustration and maps).

Books Recommended

1. Robert G.D. Steel and James II. Torrie. Principles and Procedures of Statistics

2. W.G. Cochran. Sampling Technique

3. C.R.Kottari. 1990. Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques (2nd ed.) Ram Printograph. Delhi

4. D.V. Huntsberger and B. Billingsley Elements of Statistical Inference

5. R.Sokal and J.Rohlf. Biometry

6. J.Rohlf and R.Sokal. 1994. Statistical Tables WH Freeman

 


Paper Code

243107

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

Microbiology and Radiation Biology

 

Microbiology (50 marks)

  1. Definition and scope of microbiology.
  2. Types of microorganisms in the living world.
  3. Virus: Discovery, structure and types, multiplication (replication), viral diseases and their mode of transmission.
  4. Bacteria: Structure and types, gram positive and gram negative bacteria, nutrition of bacteria, bacterial culture – growth and death sequences, bacterial multiplication, bacterial disease and their mode of transmission.
  5. Rickettsiae, mycoplasma and actinomycetes: Discovery, structure and importance.
  6. Soil, food and industrial microbiology: Composition and their uses.

Radiation Biology (50 marks)

  1. Concepts and types of radiation and detectors.
  2. Radioisotopes and their uses in biological, agricultural and medical researches.
  3. Use of radiation in food preservation and protection.
  4. X-ray, scaning, MRI, fMRI and its uses in biological and medical sciences.
  5. Personal safety in radiation chambers.
  6. Biological hazards of radiation.
  7. Nuclear research facilities of food, agriculture and Medicine in Bangladesh: Mission and activities.

Books Recommended

1. F.C. Cuny. Aim and Scope of Disaster Management. Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand

2. M. Saidur rahman. 1992. Diaster management Handbook for Bangladesh Vols I-V. Bangladesh Diaster Preparedness Centre, Dhaka

3. C.W. Nick 1991. Disaster management A Diaster managers Handbook. Asian Development Bank (ABD), Manila, The Philippines

4. C.F. Norton 1981. Microbiology. Addition Wesley Publ. Co., California, USA.

5. M.R. Chowdhury 1996. Modern Medical Microbiology. Mohammad Iqbal, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

6. M.T. Pelezar, R.D. Reid and E.C.S. Chan 1993. Microbiology: Concepts and Applications. Tata McGraw Hill Inc., India.

7. R. Annanthanarayan and C.K.J. Paniker 2000. Textbook of Microbiology. Orient Longman Pvt. Ltd., India.

 


Paper Code

243109

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

Parasitology

 

  1. Concepts of parasites and parasitism: Scope of parasitology.
  2. Parasitic adaptation and Host-parasite relationship. Quantitative study of host-parasite relationships.
  3. Life cycles: Reproduction and developmental stages of Protozoa to Helminthes. Illustrations of one, two and three host life cycles.
  4. Epidemiology: Basic concepts, incidence, prevalence, intensity, abundance, control measures and designs of control measures.
  5. Human diseases caused by parasites: Morphology and life cycle of the causal organisms, and pathogenicity, epidemiology and control of leishmaniasis, trypanosomiasis, filariasis, dengue, black fever, schistosomiasis, taeniasis, hookworm diseases, enterobiasis and plague.
  6. Zoonosis: Concepts and scope; zoonotic diseases in Bangladesh.
  7. Parasites of livestock, poultry and fish: Clinical and histopathological effects; major parasitic diseases of livestock, poultry and fish in Bangladesh and their control.

Books Recommended

1. T.C. Cheng 1973. General Parasitology. Academic Press London

2. T.C. Cheng (Editors). 1971. The Biology of Symbiosis. Butterworths London

3. G.D. Schmidt and L.S. Roberts. 1977. Foundation of Parasitology. The C.V. Mosvey Company

4. P.J. Whitfield. 1979. The Biology of Parasites. Edwards Arnold Ltd. London

5. J.D. Symth. 1976. Introduction to animal Parasitology. Hodder and Stoughton

6. K.D. Chatterjee. Parasitology (Protozoology and Helminthology in relation to clinical Medicine). Chatterjee Medical Publishers. Calcutta

7. H.W. Brown. 1969. Basic Clinical Parasitology. Appleton-Century Crofts, New York

8. J.F.A . Sprent. 1963. Parasitism. Williams and Williams, Baltimore

9. T.V on Brand. 1973. Biochemistry of Parasites. Academic Press. London

10. C.R. Kennedy 1975. Ecology Animal Parasitology. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford

 


Paper Code

243111

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

Entomology

 

  1. Insect form and function: Head, thorax, abdomen and appendages.
  2. General classification of insects: Diagnostic characters of all Orders, with examples, and reference to Bangladesh.
  3. Life history of insects: Types of eggs, larvae, pupae, metamorphosis and roles of hormones in metamorphosis.
  4. Beneficial insects: Commercial value of beneficial insects, Pollination by insects.
  5. Harmful insects: Enemies of crops and stored products.
  6. Pest control measures: Concepts of Physical, mechanical, cultural, chemical, biological and legal control methods.
  7. Pesticides: Concepts of pesticides (insecticides, acaricides, nematicides and rodenticides). Uses of insecticides and Their side-effects.
  8. Integrated Pest Management (IPM): Concept, methods, and present status in Bangladesh.
  9. Agricultural entomology: Biology, life history, nature of damage and control measures of Jute Hairy Caterpillar, Rice Hispa and Sugarcane Shoot Borer.
  10. Medical and Veterinary Entomology: Biology and control measures of mosquitoes, sand flies, ticks and mites.

Books Recommended

1. M.D. Atkin. 1980. Introduction to Insect Behaviour Macmillan Publishing Co. Inc.

2. D.J. Borror. D.M. Delong and C.A. Triplehorn 1981. An Introduction to the study of Insects. Saunders College Publishing Co.Ltd.

3. A.D. Imm’s A General Text Book of Entomology. Revised by O.W. Richards and R.G. Daviies. The English Language Book Society and Mathuen & Co. Ltd. London

4. C.L. Metcalf and W.P. Flint 1973. Destructive and useful insects their habits and control. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. New Delhi. India

5. T.R.E. Southwood. Ecological Methods with particular reference to the study of insects population. Chapman & Hall, London

6. D.S> Hill. 1997. The economic importance of insects (1st edition). Chapman and Hall, London

7. D.Dent. Insects Pest Management (2nd Edition), Chapman & Hall, London.

8. H.D. Catling, S.Alam. C.M. Nuruflah and Arifur Alam Literature review of insects pests and diseases of rice in Bangladesh, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute

9. J.W. Creffield. 1996. Wood-Destroying Insects Wood Borers and Termites CSIRO Australia

 


Paper Code

243113

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

Fisheries Biology

 

  1. Definitions, phylogeny of fishes, placoderms and ostracoderms.
  2. Structure, modification and functions of digestive, respiratory, circulatory, osmoregulatory and reproductive systems of fish.
  3. Principles and techniques of fishery systematic study: Collection, preservation, taxonomic procedures, meristics and non-meristics studies.
  4. Classification, status and distribution of freshwater fishes in Bangladesh.
  5. Physiology of respiration (including accessory respiration), osmoregulation (including stenohaline and euryhaline fishes), digestion, reproduction with viviprity and ovoviviparity parity in fishes, atrcsia and endrocrime organs.Their secretions and functions.
  6. Structure, modification and functions of scales, fins, swim bladder, lateral line and electric organs. Physiology of swim bladder, lateral line and electric organs.
  7. Biology of common fishes of Bangladesh: Life history, embryology, food and feeding habits, fecundity, spawning and economic importance of carps, hilsa, tilapia and catfish.
  8. Limnology: Definition and importance of limnology, types of inland waters, dynamics of lotic and lentic environments, physical and chemical properties of water and their influences, biotic community of inland waters, productivity of waters.

Books Recommended

1. M. King 1995. Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management. Blackwell Science.

2. K.F. Langler. J.E. Bardach, R.R. Miller and D.R.M. Passino. 1977. Ichthyology. John Willey and Sons, New York

3. A.K.A. Rahman1989. Fresh water Fisher of Bangladesh Published by the Zoological Society of Bangladesh Dhaka

4. P.S. Welch. 1952. Limnology. McGraw-Hill Book Co. New York

5. J.Bartram and R. Balance (Editors), 1996. Water Quality Monitoring: A Practical Guide to the Design and Implementation of Freshwater Quality Studies and Monitoring Programme. Spon

6. W.S. Hoar and D.J. Randall (Editor) 1971. Fish Physiology. Vols, I-V. Academic Press. New York. London

7. G.K. Reid and R.B. Wood. 1976. Ecology of Inland Waters and Estuatries. Reinhold Publishing Co. New York

8. Y.C. Shang. 1982. Aquculture Economics: Basic Concepts and Methods of Analysis. Croom Helm. Ltd., London

9. I.G. Cowx (Editors), 1998. Stocking and Introduction of Fish. Fishing News

10. J.F. Caddy and R.C. Griffiths. 1995. Living Marine Resources and Their Sustainable Development: Some environmental amd Institutional Perspectives. FAO, Italy

 


Paper Code

243115

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

Wildlife Biology

 

  1. Definitions, concepts, importance of wildlife and their role in ecological balance.
  2. Status and distribution of the wildlife and their habitats in Bangladesh (forests, wetlands, village grooves, Cultivations, grasslands, bushes, etc.)
  3. Species status assessment system of IUCN - global and national. Extinct wildlife of Bangladesh, with their causes of extinction. Threatened wildlife of Bangladesh and their threats.
  4. Wildlife conservation: Ethics of conservation, priorities in conservation effort, ex-situ and in-situ conservation, conservation and rural development, role of culture and religion in conservation, National Conservation Strategy of Bangladesh.
  5. Protected areas of Bangladesh: History, status, categories and management. Comanagement of protected areas.
  6. Captive breeding and re-introduction of wildlife. Cage/fencing, habitat preparation and maintenance of wildlife for captive breeding. Zoos and Safari Park in Bangladesh.
  7. Wildlife farming: Prospect and scope of wildlife farming in Bangladesh, general outline of wildlife farming, economic importance of wildlife farming, crocodile farming in Bangladesh.
  8. Human-wildlife conflict in Bangladesh and its mitigation (snake bite, crop damage by elephants and macaques, poultry damage by wild cats and jackals, human and cattle deaths by tiger, etc.).
  9. Laws and conventions related to wildlife: Bangladesh Wildlife Act, Forest Act 1973, Convention on Biological Diversity (1992), Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) (1973), Ramsar Convention (1971).

Books Recommended

1. G. Cubitt and G. Mountfort. 1985. Wild India-The Wildlife and Sancutary of India and Nepal. William Collins Sons and Co. Ltd. London.

2. S.H. Prater. 1971. The Book of Indian Animals (2) BNHS Oxford Univ. Chicago Press

3. J.C. Daniel. 1983. The Book of Indian Reptiles. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. Bombay

4. R. Whitaker. 1978. Common Snakes of India Macmillan Co. India

5. R.H. Giles 1971. Wildlife Management Techniques. The Wildlife Society, Washington, D.C.

6. M.A.R. Khan 2010. Wildlife of Bangladesh – A Checklist. Sahitya Prakash, Dhaka

7. M.M.H. Khan 2008, Protected Areas of Bangladesh – A guide to wildlife. Bangladesh Forest Dept., Dhaka

8. M. Bolton (Editor), 1997. Conservation and the Use of Wildlife Resources. Chapman & Hall

9. R.M. Degraff and R.I. Miller (Editors). 1996. Conservation of Faunal Diversity in Forested Landscapes. Chapman & Hall

 


Paper Code

243116

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

Zoology Practical - IV

 

1. Economic zoology

(3 harmful and 3 beneficial specimens; for each specimen: identification and classification - 1, characteristics and comment -1)

2. Biostatistics

a) Preparation of frequency distribution table; measures of arithmetic mean, mode, median, variance, standard deviation and standard error; coefficient of variation from grouped/ungrouped data

b) Correlation and probit analysis

c) Chi-square test

d) T-test

3. Microbiology

a) Microscopic examination of water, curd, dough and cheese

b) Morphology and reproductive structures of Synchytrium, Phytophthora, Saprolegnia, Mucor and Rhizophorus.

4. Parasitology

a) Morphological study of common parasites of fishes, identification and classification.

b) Mounting helminths, nematodes and other parasites.

5. Entomology

a) Collection and identification up to Orders of economically important insects

b) Preparation of whole mounts of minute insects and insect pests.

6. Fishery

a) Study of plankton and benthic fauna

b) Study of fish bones

7. Wildlife

a) Morphological structures of amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals including toes, claws, webs, scales, fangs, feathers; score counting, measurements, and key characters.

  1. Internship:

A Case study or Visit to research organizations having zoological activities or farms such as poultry, dairy, fish, crocodile, etc., and preparation of a scientific report following the style of a scientific journal.

Distribution of Marks for Fourth Year Final Practical Examination

1. Biostatistics = 13 marks

2. Microbiology = 10 marks

3. Parasitology = 10 marks

4. Entomology = 16 marks

5. Fishery = 16 marks

6. Wildlife = 10 marks

7. Internship: Scientific report on casestudy or visit

on research organization/farm = 25 marks.

(Abstract – 04, Introduction and objectives-04, Materials

and methodes-04, Results & discussion-06 and References-02)

Presentation of report - 05

Total = 100 marks

Books Recommended

D.J. Borror, D.M. DeLong and C.A. Triplehorn 1981. An Introduction to the Study of Insects. McMillan Publishing Co., USA.

A.D. Imm. A General Text Book of Entomology. The English Language Book Society, London.

N.T.J. Bailey 1994. Statistical Methods in Biology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

M.T. Pelczar, R.D. Reid and E.C.S. Chan. Microbiology. Tata McGraw Hill Co.

T.C. Cheng 1973. General Parasitology. Academic Press, London.

K.F. Langler, J.E. Bardach, R.R. Miller and D.R.M. Passino 1977. Ichthyology. John Willy & Sons, New York.

R.H. Giles 1971. Wildlife Management Techniques. The Wildlife Society, Washington, D.C.

 


Paper Code

243118

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Paper Title:

Viva-voce

Zoology-4th Year(2009-10)

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

 


Fourth Year Syllabus

Department of Zoology

Four Year B.Sc. Honours (Integrated) Course

Effective from the Session : 2009–2010

National University

Subject: Zoology

Syllabus for Four Year B.Sc. Honours Course

Effective from 2009-2010 Session

Course content and marks distribution

Fourth Year

 

Subject Code

Subject Title

Marks

Credits

3182

Applied and Economic Zoology

100

4

3183

Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology

100

4

3184

Boistatistics and Research Methodologies

100

4

3185

Microbiology and Radiation Biology

100

4

3186

Parasitology

100

4

3187

Entomology

100

4

3188

Fisheries Biology

100

4

3189

Wildlife Biology

100

4

3190

Zoology Practical-IV

100

4

1582

History of the Emergence of Independent Bangladesh

100

4

3191

Viva-voce

50

2

Total =

1050

42


Detailed Syllabus

 


Course Code

3182

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Applied and Economic Zoology

 

  1. Apiculture: Concept and scope, profiles of honey producing bee species of Bangladesh, bee-flower relationship, bee-keeping, types of hive and their management, honey processing and marketing, diseases of bees and their management.
  2. Sericulture: Concept and scope, varieties of silkworm and their host plants, techniques of silkworm rearing, silkworm diseases and pests and their control.
  3. Lac culture: Systematic position and distribution of lac insects, host plants of lac insects.
  4. Carp culture: Types of culture, carp culture including induced breeding of carps in ponds.
  5. Prawn culture: Types, techniques and management.
  6. Pearl culture: Profiles of pearl-producing species, culture techniques.
  7. Mericulture: Concept and scope.
  8. Aquaculture:

a) Components of a hatchery, fish ponds, shrimp farms, cages and pens

b) Pond culture: Types, soil and water quality, pond preparation, species selection, stocking density and management techniques of carp, mass production of fry and fingerlings, brood fish.

  1. Integrated fish farming: Poultry, livestock and paddy-cum-fish culture; open water stocking in haors, baors, beels and floodplains.
  2. Dairy farming: Concept and scope, components of a dairy farm, major dairy farms in Bangladesh.
  3. Poultry farming: Varieties of fowls and ducks, techniques of poultry farming, major diseases of poultry and their control.

Books Recommended

1. Dennis S. Hill. 1997. The economic importance of insects (1st edition) chapman and Hall, London

2. P. Southgate and J.Lucas (Editors). 1998. Aquaculture Fish and Shellfish Farming Fishing news

3. A. Midlen and T.A. Reading 1998. Pollution Control and Environmental Management for Aquaculture. Chapman & Hall

4. D.J. Baird. M.C.M. Beveridge. L.A. Kelly and J.F. Muir 1996. Aquaculture and Water Resource Management Fishing News

5. C.G. Scalet; L.D. Flake and D.W. Willis. 1996. Introduction to Wildlife and Fisheries: An Integrated Approach W.H. Freeman

6. G.L. Hoff; A. Fairbrother and L.N. Locke (Editors). 1996. Noninfectious Diseases of Wildlife. Manson

7. M. Huet. 1986. Text book of Fish culture-Breeding and Cultivation of Fish (2nd Edition. Fishing News Books

8. P.H. Mine 1979 Fish and Shellfish Farming in Coastal Waters. Fishing News Books Ltd. England

9. J.E. Bardach; J.H. Ryther and W.O. Mclarney 1972. Aquaculture the Farming and Husbandry of Freshwater and Marine Organisms. John Wiley & Sons.

 


Course Code

3183

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology

 

Genetic Engineering (50 marks)

  1. Concepts and scopes of genetic engineering
  2. Recombinant DNA technology
  3. Extraction and preparation of genes
  4. Plasmid vectors
  5. Recipients of foreign genes
  6. Production of insulin by genetically engineered Escherichia coli
  7. Use of genetic engineering technologies in industries
  8. Microinjection technology and creation of transgenic animal
  9. Principles, techniques and applications of gene cloning
  10. Human genome project

Biotechnology (50 Marks)

  1. History, concepts and scopes of biotechnology
  2. Processes and products in biotechnology
  3. Biotechnology and microorganisms
  4. Microbial screening, selection and strain improvement
  5. Primary and secondary metabolism; primary and secondary metabolites in biotechnology
  6. Fermentation technology in food production and brewing; lactic acid fermentation; alcoholic fermentation
  7. Yeast cloning
  8. Enzyme technology: industrial production of enzymes, immobilized enzymes, production of antibiotics
  9. Biosensors
  10. Recombinant DNA in food industry
  11. Medical biotechnology: Monoclonal antibodies and their applications; methods in diagnosis of genetic diseases and gene therapies; antibiotic resistance

Books Recommended

1. S.M. Kingsman and A.J. Kingsman. Genetic Engineering

2. A. Wiseman. Principles of Biotechnology

3. S.B. Primrose. Modern Biotechnology

4. B. Robson and J. Garnier. Introduction to Proteins and Protein Engineering

5. S.B. Primrose. Principles of Gene Manipulation

6. D.M. Glover. Principles of Gene cloning

7. J. Bulock and B. Kristeansen. Basic Biotechnology

 


Course Code

3184

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Biostatistics and Research Methodology

 

Biostatistics (50 marks)

  1. Introduction, definition and scope of biostatistics.
  2. Variables, data, population and observation.
  3. Frequency distribution, histogram and polygon.
  4. Measurements of central tendency: Mean, median and mode.
  5. Z-test and its significance.
  6. Measures of dispersion: Range, variance, standard deviation and standard error.
  7. Hypothesis tests: Concept and interpretation of a hypothesis test, null and alternative hypothesis, critical region, one-tailed and two-tailed tests.
  8. Student t-distribution: t-test for single mean and for difference of means.
  9. Chi-square test of goodness of fit and contingency tables.
  10. Regression and correlation: Scatter diagram, analysis of linear regression; estimation of correlation coefficient-r, its use, interpretation and limitations.
  11. F-statistics: F distribution, one way analysis of variance (ANOVA), F-table, F-test for equality of population variance: multiple range test (MRT).
  12. Probit analysis.
  13. Sampling.

Research Methodology (50 marks)

  1. Introduction: Meaning of research, objectives of research, research processes, criteria for good research, problems encountered by researchers in Bangladesh.
  2. Defining research problem: Selecting research problem, techniques involved in defining a problem.
  3. Research design: Need for research design, basic principles of experimental designs, different research designs, developing a research plan.
  4. Sampling design: Steps in sampling designs, characteristics of a good research design, different types of sampling designs, how to select a random sample? Research conclusion, references, and summary/abstract.
  5. Use of biological records, biological abstracts, e-resources.
  6. Use of GIS in biological research.
  7. Bioinformatics: Retrieval of literature and information databases; software for biological studies.
  8. Scientific Report Writing: Title, by line, abstract, Key words, introduction, acknowledgements, study area, material and methods, results, discussion and literature Cited (reports should also contain tables, photographs, illustration and maps).

Books Recommended

1. Robert G.D. Steel and James II. Torrie. Principles and Procedures of Statistics

2. W.G. Cochran. Sampling Technique

3. C.R.Kottari. 1990. Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques (2nd ed.) Ram Printograph. Delhi

4. D.V. Huntsberger and B. Billingsley Elements of Statistical Inference

5. R.Sokal and J.Rohlf. Biometry

6. J.Rohlf and R.Sokal. 1994. Statistical Tables WH Freeman

 


Course Code

3185

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Microbiology and Radiation Biology

 

Microbiology (50 marks)

  1. Definition and scope of microbiology.
  2. Types of microorganisms in the living world.
  3. Virus: Discovery, structure and types, multiplication (replication), viral diseases and their mode of transmission.
  4. Bacteria: Structure and types, gram positive and gram negative bacteria, nutrition of bacteria, bacterial culture – growth and death sequences, bacterial multiplication, bacterial disease and their mode of transmission.
  5. Rickettsiae, mycoplasma and actinomycetes: Discovery, structure and importance.
  6. Soil, food and industrial microbiology: Composition and their uses.

Radiation Biology (50 marks)

  1. Concepts and types of radiation and detectors.
  2. Radioisotopes and their uses in biological, agricultural and medical researches.
  3. Use of radiation in food preservation and protection.
  4. X-ray, scaning, MRI, fMRI and its uses in biological and medical sciences.
  5. Personal safety in radiation chambers.
  6. Biological hazards of radiation.
  7. Nuclear research facilities of food, agriculture and Medicine in Bangladesh: Mission and activities.

Books Recommended

1. C.F. Norton 1981. Microbiology. Addition Wesley Publ. Co., California, USA.

2. M.R. Chowdhury 1996. Modern Medical Microbiology. Mohammad Iqbal, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

3. M.T. Pelezar, R.D. Reid and E.C.S. Chan 1993. Microbiology: Concepts and Applications. Tata McGraw Hill Inc., India.

4. R. Annanthanarayan and C.K.J. Paniker 2000. Textbook of Microbiology. Orient Longman Pvt. Ltd., India.

 


Course Code

3186

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Parasitology

 

  1. Concepts of parasites and parasitism: Scope of parasitology.
  2. Parasitic adaptation and Host-parasite relationship. Quantitative study of host-parasite relationships.
  3. Life cycles: Reproduction and developmental stages of Protozoa to Helminthes. Illustrations of one, two and three host life cycles.
  4. Epidemiology: Basic concepts, incidence, prevalence, intensity, abundance, control measures and designs of control measures.
  5. Human diseases caused by parasites: Morphology and life cycle of the causal organisms, and pathogenicity, epidemiology and control of leishmaniasis, trypanosomiasis, filariasis, dengue, black fever, schistosomiasis, taeniasis, hookworm diseases, enterobiasis and plague.
  6. Zoonosis: Concepts and scope; zoonotic diseases in Bangladesh.
  7. Parasites of livestock, poultry and fish: Clinical and histopathological effects; major parasitic diseases of livestock, poultry and fish in Bangladesh and their control.

Books Recommended

1. T.C. Cheng 1973. General Parasitology. Academic Press London

2. T.C. Cheng (Editors). 1971. The Biology of Symbiosis. Butterworths London

3. G.D. Schmidt and L.S. Roberts. 1977. Foundation of Parasitology. The C.V. Mosvey Company

4. P.J. Whitfield. 1979. The Biology of Parasites. Edwards Arnold Ltd. London

5. J.D. Symth. 1976. Introduction to animal Parasitology. Hodder and Stoughton

6. K.D. Chatterjee. Parasitology (Protozoology and Helminthology in relation to clinical Medicine). Chatterjee Medical Publishers. Calcutta

7. H.W. Brown. 1969. Basic Clinical Parasitology. Appleton-Century Crofts, New York

8. J.F.A . Sprent. 1963. Parasitism. Williams and Williams, Baltimore

9. T.V on Brand. 1973. Biochemistry of Parasites. Academic Press. London

10. C.R. Kennedy 1975. Ecology Animal Parasitology. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford

 


Course Code

3187

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Entomology

 

  1. Insect form and function: Head, thorax, abdomen and appendages.
  2. General classification of insects: Diagnostic characters of all Orders, with examples, and reference to Bangladesh.
  3. Life history of insects: Types of eggs, larvae, pupae, metamorphosis and roles of hormones in metamorphosis. Masters.
  4. Beneficial insects: Commercial value of beneficial insects. Pollination by insects.
  5. Harmful insects: Enemies, crops and stored products.
  6. Pest control measures: Concepts of Physical, mechanical, cultural, chemical, biological and legal control methods.
  7. Pesticides: Concepts of pesticides (insecticides, acaricides, nematicides and rodenticides). Uses of insecticides and Their side-effects.
  8. Integrated Pest Management (IPM): Concept, methods, and present status in Bangladesh.
  9. Agricultural entomology: Biology, life history, nature of damage and control measures of Jute Hairy Caterpillar, Rice Hispa and Sugarcane Shoot Borer.
  10. Medical and Veterinary Entomology: Biology and control measures of mosquitoes, sand flies, ticks and mites.

Books Recommended

1. M.D. Atkin. 1980. Introduction to Insect Behaviour Macmillan Publishing Co. Inc.

2. D.J. Borror. D.M. Delong and C.A. Triplehorn 1981. An Introduction to the study of Insects. Saunders College Publishing Co.Ltd.

3. A.D. Imm’s A General Text Book of Entomology. Revised by O.W. Richards and R.G. Daviies. The English Language Book Society and Mathuen & Co. Ltd. London

4. C.L. Metcalf and W.P. Flint 1973. Destructive and useful insects their habits and control. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. New Delhi. India

5. T.R.E. Southwood. Ecological Methods with particular reference to the study of insects population. Chapman & Hall, London

6. D.S. Hill. 1997. The economic importance of insects (1st edition). Chapman and Hall, London

7. D.Dent. Insects Pest Management (2nd Edition), Chapman & Hall, London.

8. H.D. Catling, S.Alam. C.M. Nuruflah and Arifur Alam Literature review of insects pests and diseases of rice in Bangladesh, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute

9. S.Rere. Introduction to Bee Keeping. Vikas Publishing Home Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi

10. J.W. Creffield. 1996. Wood-Destroying Insects Wood Borers and Termites CSIRO Australia

 


Course Code

3188

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Fisheries Biology

 

  1. Definitions, phylogeny of fishes, placoderms and ostracoderms.
  2. Structure, modification and functions of digestive, respiratory, circulatory, osmoregulatory and reproductive systems of fish.
  3. Principles and techniques of fishery systematic study: Collection, preservation, taxonomic procedures, meristics and non-meristics studies.
  4. Classification, status and distribution of freshwater fishes in Bangladesh.
  5. Physiology of respiration (including accessory respiration), osmoregulation (including stenohaline and euryhaline fishes), digestion, reproduction with viviprity and ovobiparity infishes, atrcsia and endrocrime organs.Their secretions and functions.
  6. Structure, modification and functions of scales, fins, swim bladder, lateral line and electric organs. Physiology of swim bladder, lateral line and electric organs.
  7. Biology of common fishes of Bangladesh: Life history, embryology, food and feeding habits, fecundity, spawning and economic inportance of carps, hilsa, tilapia and catfish.
  8. Limnology: Definition and importance of limnology, types of inland waters, dynamics of lotic and lentic environments, physical and chemical properties of water and their influences, biotic community of inland waters, productivity of waters.

Books Recommended

1. M. King 1995. Fisheries Biology, Assessment and Management. Blackwell Science.

2. K.F. Langler. J.E. Bardach, R.R. Miller and D.R.M. Passino. 1977. Ichthyology. John Willey and Sons, New York

3. A.K.A. Rahman1989. Fresh water Fisher of Bangladesh Published by the Zoological Society of Bangladesh Dhaka

4. P.S. Welch. 1952. Limnology. McGraw-Hill Book Co. New York

5. J.Bartram and R. Balance (Editors), 1996. Water Quality Monitoring: A Practical Guide to the Design and Implementation of Freshwater Quality Studies and Monitoring Programme. Spon

6. W.S. Hoar and D.J. Randall (Editor) 1971. Fish Physiology. Vols, I-V. Academic Press. New York. London

7. G.K. Reid and R.B. Wood. 1976. Ecology of Inland Waters and Estuaries. Reinhold Publishing Co. New York

8. Y.C. Shang. 1982. Aquculture Economics: Basic Concepts and Methods of Analysis. Croom Helm. Ltd., London

9. I.G. Cowx (Editors), 1998. Stocking and Introduction of Fish. Fishing News

10. J.F. Caddy and R.C. Griffiths. 1995. Living Marine Resources and Their Sustainable Development: Some environmental amd Institutional Perspectives. FAO, Italy

 


Course Code

3189

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Wildlife Biology

 

  1. Definitions, concepts, importance of wildlife and their role in ecological balance.
  2. Status and distribution of the wildlife and their habitats in Bangladesh (forests, wetlands, village grooves, Cultivations, grassland, bushes, etc.).
  3. Species status assessment system of IUCN - global and national. Extinct wildlife of Bangladesh, with their causes of extinction. Threatened wildlife of Bangladesh and their threats.
  4. Wildlife conservation: Ethics of conservation, priorities in conservation effort, ex-situ and in-situ conservation, conservation and rural development, role of culture and religion in conservation, National Conservation Strategy of Bangladesh.
  5. Protected areas of Bangladesh: History, status, categories and management. Comanagement of protected areas.
  6. Captive breeding and re-introduction of wildlife. Cage/fencing, habitat preparation and maintenance of wildlife for captive breeding. Zoos and Safari Park in Bangladesh.
  7. Wildlife farming: Prospect and scope of wildlife farming in Bangladesh, general outline of wildlife farming, economic importance of wildlife farming, crocodile farming in Bangladesh.
  8. Human-wildlife conflict in Bangladesh and its mitigation (snake bite, crop damage by elephants and macaques, poultry damage by wild cats and jackals, human and cattle deaths by tiger, etc.).
  9. Laws and conventions related to wildlife: Bangladesh Wildlife Act 1973, Forest Act 1927, Convention on Biological Diversity (1992), Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) (1973), Ramsar Convention (1971).

Books Recommended

1. G. Cubitt and G. Mountfort. 1985. Wild India-The Wildlife and Sancutary of India and Nepal. William Collins Sons and Co. Ltd. London.

2. S.H. Prater. 1971. The Book of Indian Animals (2) BNHS Oxford Univ. Chicago Press

3. J.C. Daniel. 1983. The Book of Indian Reptiles. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. Bombay

4. R. Whitaker. 1978. Common Snakes of India Macmillan Co. India

5. R.H. Giles 1971. Wildlife Management Techniques. The Wildlife Society, Washington, D.C.

6. M.A.R. Khan 2010. Wildlife of Bangladesh – A Checklist. Sahitya Prakash, Dhaka

7. M.M.H. Khan 2008, Protected Areas of Bangladesh – A guide to wildlife. Bangladesh Forest Dept., Dhaka

8. M. Bolton (Editor), 1997. Conservation and the Use of Wildlife Resources. Chapman & Hall

9. R.M. Degraff and R.I. Miller (Editors). 1996. Conservation of Faunal Diversity in Forested Landscapes. Chapman & Hall

 


Course Code

3190

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

Zoology Practical - IV

 

1. Economic zoology

(3 harmful and 3 beneficial specimens; for each specimen: identification and classification - 1, characteristics and comment -1)

2. Biostatistics

a) Preparation of frequency distribution table; measures of arithmetic mean, mode, median, variance, standard deviation and standard error; coefficient of variation from grouped/ungrouped data

b) Correlation and probit analysis

c) Chi-square test

d) T-test

3. Microbiology

a) Microscopic examination of water, curd, dough and cheese

b) Morphology and reproductive structures of Synchytrium, Phytophthora, Saprolegnia, Mucor and Rhizophorus.

4. Parasitology

a) Morphological study of common parasites of fishes, identification and classification.

b) Mounting helminths, nematodes and other parasites.

5. Entomology

a) Collection and identification up to Orders of economically important insects

b) Preparation of whole mounts of minute insects and insect pests.

6. Fishery

a) Study of plankton and benthic fauna

b) Study of fish bones

7. Wildlife

a) Morphological structures of amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals including toes, claws, webs, scales, fangs, feathers; score counting, measurements, and key characters.

  1. Internship:

A Case study or Visit to research organizations having zoological activities or farms such as poultry, dairy, fish, crocodile, etc., and preparation of a scientific following the style of a reported scientific journal.

Distribution of Marks for Fourth Year Final Practical Examination

1. Biostatistics = 13 marks

2. Microbiology = 10 marks

3. Parasitology = 10 marks

4. Entomology = 16 marks

5. Fishery = 16 marks

6. Wildlife = 10 marks

7. Internship: Scientific report on casestudy or visit

on research organization/farm = 25 marks.

(Abstract – 04, Introduction and objectives-04, Materials

and methodes-04, Results & discussion-06 and References-02)

Presentation of report - 05

Books Recommended

D.J. Borror, D.M. DeLong and C.A. Triplehorn 1981. An Introduction to the Study of Insects. McMillan Publishing Co., USA.

A.D. Imm. A General Text Book of Entomology. The English Language Book Society, London.

N.T.J. Bailey 1994. Statistical Methods in Biology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

M.T. Pelczar, R.D. Reid and E.C.S. Chan. Microbiology. Tata McGraw Hill Co.

T.C. Cheng 1973. General Parasitology. Academic Press, London.

K.F. Langler, J.E. Bardach, R.R. Miller and D.R.M. Passino 1977. Ichthyology. John Willy & Sons, New York.

R.H. Giles 1971. Wildlife Management Techniques. The Wildlife Society, Washington, D.C.

 


Course Code

1582

Marks: 100

Credits: 4

Class Hours: 60

Course Title:

History of the Emergence of Independent Bangladesh

 

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